Does subsidised temporary employment get the unemployed back to work? Aneconometric analysis of two different schemes
Subsidized employment is an important tool of active labour market policies to improve the chances of the unemployed to find permanent employment. Using informative individual administrative data, we investigate the effects of two different schemes of subsidized temporary employment implemented in Switzerland. One scheme operates as a non-profit employment programme (EP), whereas the other one is a subsidy for temporary jobs (TEMP) in firms operating in competitive markets. Using econometric matching methods, we find that TEMP is considerably more successful in getting the unemployed back into work than EP. We also find that, compared to non-participation, both programmes are ineffective for unemployed who find jobs easily anyway, as well as for those with short unemployment duration. For unemployed with potentially long unemployment duration and for actual long term unemployed, both programmes may have positive effects, but the effect of TEMP is much larger.
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