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Perspectives on community representation within the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative: Experiences from south-east Madagascar

Author

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  • Smith, Shirley M.
  • Shepherd, Derek D.
  • Dorward, Peter T.

Abstract

This article critically examines the nature and quality of governance in community representation and civil society engagement in the context of trans-national large-scale mining, drawing on experiences in the Anosy Region of south-east Madagascar. An exploration of functional relationships between government, mining business and civil society stakeholders reveals an equivocal legitimacy of certain civil society representatives, created by state manipulation, which contributes to community disempowerment. The appointment of local government officials, rather than election, creates a hierarchy of upward dependencies and a culture where the majority of officials express similar views and political alliances. As a consequence, community resistance is suppressed.

Suggested Citation

  • Smith, Shirley M. & Shepherd, Derek D. & Dorward, Peter T., 2012. "Perspectives on community representation within the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative: Experiences from south-east Madagascar," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 241-250.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jrpoli:v:37:y:2012:i:2:p:241-250
    DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2011.01.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Emma Williamson & Julie Kent & Trudy Goodenough & Richard Ashcroft, 2002. "Social Science Gets the Ethics Treatment: Research Governance and Ethical Review," Sociological Research Online, Sociological Research Online, vol. 7(4).
    2. AfDB AfDB, . "Madagascar - Country Profile," Country Brochure, African Development Bank, number 106.
    3. Stevens, Paul & Dietsche, Evelyn, 2008. "Resource curse: An analysis of causes, experiences and possible ways forward," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 56-65, January.
    4. Undp, 2009. "HDR 2009 - Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and development," Human Development Report (1990 to present), Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), number hdr2009, December.
    5. Atkinson, Giles & Hamilton, Kirk, 2003. "Savings, Growth and the Resource Curse Hypothesis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(11), pages 1793-1807, November.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Larsen, Rasmus Kløcker & Mamosso, Christiane Alzouma, 2014. "Aid with Blinkers: Environmental Governance of Uranium Mining in Niger," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 62-76.
    2. Sovacool, Benjamin K. & Walter, Götz & Van de Graaf, Thijs & Andrews, Nathan, 2016. "Energy Governance, Transnational Rules, and the Resource Curse: Exploring the Effectiveness of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 179-192.
    3. Rustad, Siri Aas & Le Billon, Philippe & Lujala, Päivi, 2017. "Has the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative been a success? Identifying and evaluating EITI goals," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 151-162.
    4. Izabela Jonek-Kowalska, 2014. "Employment and Remuneration Trends in Polish Hard Coal Mines in the Context of the Relations Between Boards and Trade Unions," International Journal of Synergy and Research, ToKnowPress, vol. 3(1), pages 27-43.
    5. Smith, Shirley M. & Dorward, Peter T., 2014. "Nationalised large-scale mining, trade unions and community representation: Perspectives from Northern Madagascar," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 31-41.
    6. Corrigan, Caitlin C., 2014. "Breaking the resource curse: Transparency in the natural resource sector and the extractive industries transparency initiative," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 17-30.
    7. Sovacool, Benjamin K. & Andrews, Nathan, 2015. "Does transparency matter? Evaluating the governance impacts of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in Azerbaijan and Liberia," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 183-192.
    8. World Bank Group, 2014. "Strategic Framework for Mainstreaming Citizen Engagement in World Bank Group Operations," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 21113.
    9. Van Alstine, James & Barkemeyer, Ralf, 2014. "Business and development: Changing discourses in the extractive industries," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 4-16.
    10. Raimund Bleischwitz, 2014. "Transparency in the Extractive Industries: Time to Ask for More," Global Environmental Politics, MIT Press, vol. 14(4), pages 1-9, November.
    11. repec:kap:jbuset:v:143:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10551-016-3073-2 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR); Extractives Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI); Large-scale mining; Trans-national mining; Governance; Rio Tinto; Madagascar; Africa; Developing country; Development; Minerals; Resource rich; Globalisation;

    JEL classification:

    • D7 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation

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