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Analyzing cost efficiency of Critical Access Hospitals

Author

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  • Cristian Nedelea, I.
  • Matthew Fannin, J.

Abstract

The Critical Access Hospital (CAH) program has been created to protect small, financially vulnerable rural hospitals in the U.S. by granting them Medicare cost-based reimbursement. However, there have been concerns that this type of reimbursement might have a negative impact on the cost efficiency of hospitals that converted to CAH status. This study examines the impact of Medicare cost-based reimbursement, length of participation in the CAH program and other environmental variables on the cost efficiency of CAHs using a two-stage approach. In the first stage, data envelopment analysis is used to estimate cost efficiency of CAHs. In the second stage, cost efficiency is regressed on environmental variables using a parametric bootstrap of a truncated regression. The estimated results suggest that Medicare cost-based reimbursement may increase the cost inefficiency of CAHs and that longer participation in the CAH program increases hospital cost inefficiency but the extent of this inefficiency increase is lower than what previous literature showed.

Suggested Citation

  • Cristian Nedelea, I. & Matthew Fannin, J., 2013. "Analyzing cost efficiency of Critical Access Hospitals," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 183-195.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jpolmo:v:35:y:2013:i:1:p:183-195
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpolmod.2012.10.002
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    Cited by:

    1. George Fragkiadakis & Michael Doumpos & Constantin Zopounidis & Christophe Germain, 2016. "Operational and economic efficiency analysis of public hospitals in Greece," Post-Print hal-01414677, HAL.
    2. repec:spr:annopr:v:247:y:2016:i:2:d:10.1007_s10479-014-1710-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Chowdhury, Hedayet & Zelenyuk, Valentin, 2016. "Performance of hospital services in Ontario: DEA with truncated regression approach," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 111-122.
    4. Pınar Kaya Samut & Reyhan Cafrı, 2016. "Analysis of the Efficiency Determinants of Health Systems in OECD Countries by DEA and Panel Tobit," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 129(1), pages 113-132, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Critical Access Hospitals; Two-stage approach; Cost inefficiency; Bootstrap;

    JEL classification:

    • I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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