IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/jomega/v91y2020ics0305048318300446.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Manufacturer encroachment with advertising

Author

Listed:
  • Zhang, Jianqiang
  • Cao, Qingning
  • He, Xiuli

Abstract

This paper studies manufacturer encroachment in a supply chain wherein the manufacturer and/or the retailer should invest in informative advertising. Using a game-theoretic framework, we explore three schemes of advertising and their influences on manufacturer encroachment. First, if the manufacturer controls advertising, encroachment will result in higher advertising intensity relative to the non-encroachment case, sometimes leading to a win-win situation for both the manufacturer and the retailer as the boosted demand flows into the wholesale market under encroachment. Second, if the retailer controls advertising, an encroaching manufacturer should further reduce the wholesale price as compared to the counterpart with no advertising. This downward pressure on wholesale price can benefit the retailer, but might hurt the encroaching manufacturer. Third, we incorporate manufacturer advertising and retailer advertising into a cooperative advertising scheme, where the manufacturer can set a participation rate to adjust the advertising cost for the retailer. Interestingly, an encroaching manufacturer will pay the retailer more to subsidize his advertising cost. Under this scheme, the manufacturer is always better off under encroachment, and the retailer can also gain as a result of advertising cost-sharing from the manufacturer. Our results also apply to the case of persuasive advertising. Although persuasive advertising leads to different prices or advertising decisions, there are always chances for the retailer to benefit from manufacturer encroachment.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhang, Jianqiang & Cao, Qingning & He, Xiuli, 2020. "Manufacturer encroachment with advertising," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 91(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jomega:v:91:y:2020:i:c:s0305048318300446
    DOI: 10.1016/j.omega.2018.12.002
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305048318300446
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.1016/j.omega.2018.12.002?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jean Tirole, 1988. "The Theory of Industrial Organization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262200716, December.
    2. Jianqiang Zhang & Weijun Zhong & Shue Mei, 2012. "Competitive effects of informative advertising in distribution channels," Marketing Letters, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 561-584, September.
    3. Greg Shaffer & Florian Zettelmeyer, 2004. "Advertising in a Distribution Channel," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 23(4), pages 619-628, November.
    4. Albert Ha & Xiaoyang Long & Javad Nasiry, 2016. "Quality in Supply Chain Encroachment," Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, INFORMS, vol. 18(2), pages 280-298, May.
    5. Romain de Nijs, 2013. "Information provision and behaviour-based price discrimination," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" halshs-00833350, HAL.
    6. Cai, Gangshu (George), 2010. "Channel Selection and Coordination in Dual-Channel Supply Chains," Journal of Retailing, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 22-36.
    7. Chih-Jen Wang & Ying-Ju Chen & Chi-Cheng Wu, 2011. "Advertising competition and industry channel structure," Marketing Letters, Springer, vol. 22(1), pages 79-99, March.
    8. Wei-yu Kevin Chiang & Dilip Chhajed & James D. Hess, 2003. "Direct Marketing, Indirect Profits: A Strategic Analysis of Dual-Channel Supply-Chain Design," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 49(1), pages 1-20, January.
    9. Gene M. Grossman & Carl Shapiro, 1984. "Informative Advertising with Differentiated Products," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(1), pages 63-81.
    10. Xie, Jinxing & Wei, Jerry C., 2009. "Coordinating advertising and pricing in a manufacturer-retailer channel," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 197(2), pages 785-791, September.
    11. Romain de Nijs, 2013. "Information provision and behaviour-based price discrimination," Post-Print halshs-00833350, HAL.
    12. Nirvikar Singh & Xavier Vives, 1984. "Price and Quantity Competition in a Differentiated Duopoly," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 15(4), pages 546-554, Winter.
    13. Rosa Branca Esteves, 2009. "Customer Poaching And Advertising," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(1), pages 112-146, March.
    14. Anil Arya & Brian Mittendorf & Dae-Hee Yoon, 2008. "Friction in Related-Party Trade When a Rival Is Also a Customer," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 54(11), pages 1850-1860, November.
    15. Zhuoxin Li & Stephen M. Gilbert & Guoming Lai, 2014. "Supplier Encroachment Under Asymmetric Information," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 60(2), pages 449-462, February.
    16. Ireland, Norman J, 1993. "The Provision of Information in a Bertrand Oligopoly," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(1), pages 61-76, March.
    17. Zhang, Juan & Gou, Qinglong & Liang, Liang & Huang, Zhimin, 2013. "Supply chain coordination through cooperative advertising with reference price effect," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 345-353.
    18. Zhuoxin Li & Stephen M. Gilbert & Guoming Lai, 2015. "Supplier Encroachment as an Enhancement or a Hindrance to Nonlinear Pricing," Production and Operations Management, Production and Operations Management Society, vol. 24(1), pages 89-109, January.
    19. Yunchuan Liu & Z. John Zhang, 2006. "Research Note—The Benefits of Personalized Pricing in a Channel," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 25(1), pages 97-105, 01-02.
    20. Matthew Nagler, 2006. "An exploratory analysis of the determinants of cooperative advertising participation rates," Marketing Letters, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 91-102, April.
    21. Chi-Cheng Wu & Ying-Ju Chen & Chih-Jen Wang, 2009. "Is Persuasive Advertising Always Combative in a Distribution Channel?," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 28(6), pages 1157-1163, 11-12.
    22. Li, Susan X. & Huang, Zhimin & Zhu, Joe & Chau, Patrick Y. K., 2002. "Cooperative advertising, game theory and manufacturer-retailer supply chains," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 347-357, October.
    23. Terrence Hendershott & Jie Zhang, 2006. "A Model of Direct and Intermediated Sales," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(2), pages 279-316, June.
    24. Zhang, Jianqiang & Liang, Qi & Huang, Jian, 2016. "Forward advertising: A competitive analysis of new product preannouncement," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 3-12.
    25. Anil Arya & Brian Mittendorf & David E. M. Sappington, 2007. "The Bright Side of Supplier Encroachment," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 26(5), pages 651-659, 09-10.
    26. David A. Soberman, 2004. "Research Note: Additional Learning and Implications on the Role of Informative Advertising," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(12), pages 1744-1750, December.
    27. Xiong, Yu & Yan, Wei & Fernandes, Kiran & Xiong, Zhong-Kai & Guo, Nian, 2012. "“Bricks vs. Clicks”: The impact of manufacturer encroachment with a dealer leasing and selling of durable goods," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 217(1), pages 75-83.
    28. Bin Liu & Gangshu (George) Cai & Andy A. Tsay, 2014. "Advertising in Asymmetric Competing Supply Chains," Production and Operations Management, Production and Operations Management Society, vol. 23(11), pages 1845-1858, November.
    29. Stahl II Dale O., 1994. "Oligopolistic Pricing and Advertising," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 162-177, October.
    30. Manu Goyal & Serguei Netessine, 2011. "Volume Flexibility, Product Flexibility, or Both: The Role of Demand Correlation and Product Substitution," Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, INFORMS, vol. 13(2), pages 180-193, March.
    31. Arya, Anil & Mittendorf, Brian, 2013. "Discretionary disclosure in the presence of dual distribution channels," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 168-182.
    32. Bagwell, Kyle, 2007. "The Economic Analysis of Advertising," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: Mark Armstrong & Robert Porter (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 28, pages 1701-1844, Elsevier.
    33. Dae-Hee Yoon, 2016. "Supplier Encroachment and Investment Spillovers," Production and Operations Management, Production and Operations Management Society, vol. 25(11), pages 1839-1854, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Zhang, Ting & Feng, Xiaohui & Wang, Ningning, 2021. "Manufacturer encroachment and product assortment under vertical differentiation," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 293(1), pages 120-132.
    2. Zhang, Chu & Zheng, Xiaona, 2021. "Customization strategies between online and offline retailers," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 100(C).

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Jianqiang Zhang & Weijun Zhong & Shue Mei, 2012. "Competitive effects of informative advertising in distribution channels," Marketing Letters, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 561-584, September.
    2. Zhang, Jianqiang & Liang, Qi & Huang, Jian, 2016. "Forward advertising: A competitive analysis of new product preannouncement," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 3-12.
    3. Chen, Jingxian & Liang, Liang & Yao, Dong-qing, 2019. "Factory encroachment and channel selection in an outsourced supply chain," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 215(C), pages 73-83.
    4. Zhang, Xuefeng & Li, Guo & Liu, Mengqi & Sethi, Suresh P., 2021. "Online platform service investment: A bane or a boon for supplier encroachment," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 235(C).
    5. Song Huang & Shuting Chen & Lei Xiao, 2020. "Manufacturer product quality information disclosure with channel encroachment in the E‐commerce age," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 41(5), pages 744-761, July.
    6. Zhang, Jianqiang & He, Xiuli, 2019. "Targeted advertising by asymmetric firms," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 136-150.
    7. Sun, Xiaojie & Tang, Wansheng & Zhang, Jianxiong & Chen, Jing, 2021. "The impact of quantity-based cost decline on supplier encroachment," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 147(C).
    8. Matsui, Kenji, 2020. "Optimal bargaining timing of a wholesale price for a manufacturer with a retailer in a dual-channel supply chain," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 287(1), pages 225-236.
    9. Xue, Musen & Zhang, Jianxiong & Zhu, Guowei, 2020. "Quantity decision timing with spillover effect and asymmetric demand information," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 142(C).
    10. Esteves, Rosa-Branca & Cerqueira, Sofia, 2017. "Behavior-based pricing under imperfectly informed consumers," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 60-70.
    11. Huang, Song & Guan, Xu & Xiao, Binqing, 2018. "Incentive provision for demand information acquisition in a dual-channel supply chain," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 42-58.
    12. Li, Bo & Jiang, Yushan, 2019. "Impacts of returns policy under supplier encroachment with risk-averse retailer," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 104-115.
    13. Nie, Jiajia & Zhong, Ling & Yan, Hong & Yang, Wenjuan, 2019. "Retailers' distribution channel strategies with cross-channel effect in a competitive market," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 213(C), pages 32-45.
    14. Sun, Xiaojie & Tang, Wansheng & Chen, Jing & Li, Sa & Zhang, Jianxiong, 2019. "Manufacturer encroachment with production cost reduction under asymmetric information," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 191-211.
    15. Yang, Huixiao & Luo, Jianwen & Zhang, Qinhong, 2018. "Supplier encroachment under nonlinear pricing with imperfect substitutes: Bargaining power versus revenue-sharing," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 267(3), pages 1089-1101.
    16. Li, Jin & Hu, Zening & Shi, Victor & Wang, Qian, 2021. "Manufacturer's encroachment strategy with substitutable green products," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 235(C).
    17. Li, Jin & Yi, Liao & Shi, Victor & Chen, Xiding, 2021. "Supplier encroachment strategy in the presence of retail strategic inventory: Centralization or decentralization?," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 98(C).
    18. Zhang, Ting & Feng, Xiaohui & Wang, Ningning, 2021. "Manufacturer encroachment and product assortment under vertical differentiation," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 293(1), pages 120-132.
    19. Dong, Binwei & Tang, Wansheng & Zhou, Chi & Ren, Yufei, 2021. "Is dual sourcing a better choice? The impact of reliability improvement and contract manufacturer encroachment," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 149(C).
    20. Zhang, Shichen & Zhang, Jianxiong & Zhu, Guowei, 2019. "Retail service investing: An anti-encroachment strategy in a retailer-led supply chain," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 212-231.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:jomega:v:91:y:2020:i:c:s0305048318300446. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/375/description#description .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Catherine Liu (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/375/description#description .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.