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The role of self-efficacy, goal, and affect in dynamic motivational self-regulation

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  • Seo, Myeong-gu
  • Ilies, Remus

Abstract

In this paper, we examined the within-person relationship between self-efficacy and performance in an Internet-based stock investment simulation in which participants engaged in a series of stock trading activities trying to achieve performance goals in response to dynamic task environments (performance feedback and stock market movements). Contrary to the results of several previous studies, we found that self-efficacy was positively related to effort and performance, and goal level partially mediated the efficacy-performance relationship. We also found that participants' affective reactions to performance feedback, measured as positive affect and negative affect, uniquely contributed to their motivation and performance either directly or by indirectly influencing their self-efficacy.

Suggested Citation

  • Seo, Myeong-gu & Ilies, Remus, 2009. "The role of self-efficacy, goal, and affect in dynamic motivational self-regulation," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 109(2), pages 120-133, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jobhdp:v:109:y:2009:i:2:p:120-133
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bandura, Albert & Cervone, Daniel, 1986. "Differential engagement of self-reactive influences in cognitive motivation," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, pages 92-113.
    2. Smith, Ken G. & Locke, Edwin A. & Barry, David, 1990. "Goal setting, planning, and organizational performance: An experimental simulation," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, pages 118-134.
    3. Klein, Howard J., 1991. "Further evidence on the relationship between goal setting and expectancy theories," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, pages 230-257.
    4. Forgas, Joseph P. & George, Jennifer M., 2001. "Affective Influences on Judgments and Behavior in Organizations: An Information Processing Perspective," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, pages 3-34.
    5. Wood, Robert & Bandura, Albert & Bailey, Trevor, 1990. "Mechanisms governing organizational performance in complex decision-making environments," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, pages 181-201.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kanfer, Ruth & Chen, Gilad, 2016. "Motivation in organizational behavior: History, advances and prospects," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, pages 6-19.
    2. Brown, Graham & Baer, Markus, 2011. "Location in negotiation: Is there a home field advantage?," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 114(2), pages 190-200, March.
    3. Beck, James W. & Schmidt, Aaron M., 2012. "Taken out of context? Cross-level effects of between-person self-efficacy and difficulty on the within-person relationship of self-efficacy with resource allocation and performance," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, pages 195-208.
    4. Preston, Mark S., 2013. "Advancing case manager motivation in child welfare: Job control's curvilinear relationship and instrumental feedback's moderating influence," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 2003-2012.
    5. Sun, Shuhua & Vancouver, Jeffrey B. & Weinhardt, Justin M., 2014. "Goal choices and planning: Distinct expectancy and value effects in two goal processes," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, pages 220-233.

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