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Estimates of average marginal tax rates on factor incomes in Japan

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  • Gunji, Hiroshi
  • Miyazaki, Kenji

Abstract

In this paper, we estimate average marginal tax rates on factor incomes in Japan from 1963 to 2007. We adapt the method of D.H. Joines [Estimates of effective marginal tax rates on factor incomes. J. Bus. 54 (2), 191-226.] to the Japanese tax and social security system. Average marginal tax rates on labor incomes without social security premiums range from 14% to 21%, whereas the rates on incomes with social security have increased from 21% to 33%. Tax rates on capital incomes have fluctuated between 35% and 58%. We also compare our estimates with average tax rates and the wedges from business cycle accounting.

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  • Gunji, Hiroshi & Miyazaki, Kenji, 2011. "Estimates of average marginal tax rates on factor incomes in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 81-106, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jjieco:v:25:y:2011:i:2:p:81-106
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Shuhei Takahashi & Tomoyuki Nakajima, 2016. "Consumption Taxes and Divisibility of Labor under Incomplete Markets," 2016 Meeting Papers 797, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. repec:eee:jjieco:v:48:y:2018:i:c:p:15-28 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. HSU Minchung & YAMADA Tomoaki, 2017. "Population Aging, Health Care, and Fiscal Policy Reform: The challenges for Japan," Discussion papers 17038, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    4. Tomoyuki Nakajima & Shuhei Takahashi, 2016. "The Effectiveness of Consumption Taxes and Transfers as Insurance against Idiosyncratic Risk," KIER Working Papers 933, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    5. repec:eee:japwor:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:45-55 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Selahattin İmrohoroğlu & Sagiri Kitao & Tomoaki Yamada, 2016. "Achieving Fiscal Balance In Japan," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 57, pages 117-154, February.
    7. Gary Hansen & Selahattin Imrohoroglu, 2016. "Fiscal Reform and Government Debt in Japan: A Neoclassical Perspective," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 21, pages 201-224, July.
    8. Selahattin İmrohoroğlu & Sagiri Kitao & Tomoaki Yamada, 2017. "Can Guest Workers Solve Japan'S Fiscal Problems?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 55(3), pages 1287-1307, July.
    9. Nutahara, Kengo, 2015. "Laffer curves in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 56-72.
    10. Kazuki Hiraga, 2011. "How much can corporate tax reduction contribute to economic recovery, employment and feedback of tax revenue?," Keio/Kyoto Joint Global COE Discussion Paper Series 2011-021, Keio/Kyoto Joint Global COE Program.
    11. Hirata, Hideaki & Otsu, Keisuke, 2016. "Accounting for the economic relationship between Japan and the Asian Tigers," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 57-68.
    12. Selahattin Imrohoroglu, 2017. "Replacing Income Taxation with Consumption Taxation in Japan," CIGS Working Paper Series 17-008E, The Canon Institute for Global Studies.
    13. Ko, Jun-Hyung, 2011. "Has the Government Lowered the Hours Worked? Evidence from Japan," MPRA Paper 30058, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Shuhei Takahashi & Ken Yamada, 2017. "The Impact of Taxes and Transfers on Skill Premium," KIER Working Papers 976, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    15. Koichi Futagami & Kunihiko Konishi, 2018. "Dynamic Analysis of Budget Policy Rules in Japan," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 18-E-3, Bank of Japan.
    16. Sagiri Kitao & Selahattin Imrohoroglu & Tomoaki Yamada, "undated". "Can Guest Workers Solve Japan's Fiscal Problems?," Working Papers e105, Tokyo Center for Economic Research.
    17. Selahattin Imrohoroglu & Gary Hansen, 2017. "Replacing Income Taxation with Consumption Taxation in Japan," 2017 Meeting Papers 1114, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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