Are volunteers substitute for paid labor in nonprofit organizations?
This study asks whether nonprofit organizations that use volunteer labor are seen as substituting volunteers for paid labor. The study contributes to the literature on the demand for volunteer labor by utilizing current data on giving and volunteering and explicitly accounting for a state's minimum wage among its explanatory variables. We find a statistically significant positive relationship between the prevailing minimum wage in a state and the amount of volunteer labor offered by donors in each state--implying that organizations that use volunteers view them as substitutes to low-paid workers.
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- Duncan, Brian, 1999. "Modeling charitable contributions of time and money," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 213-242, May.
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"Working for Nothing: The Supply of Volunteer Labor,"
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- Freeman, Richard Barry, 1997. "Working for Nothing: The Supply of Volunteer Labor," Scholarly Articles 4632239, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Andreoni, James, 1989. "Giving with Impure Altruism: Applications to Charity and Ricardian Equivalence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1447-1458, December.
- Andreoni, James, 1990. "Impure Altruism and Donations to Public Goods: A Theory of Warm-Glow Giving?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 100(401), pages 464-477, June.
- Preston, Anne E, 1989. "The Nonprofit Worker in a For-Profit World," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 7(4), pages 438-463, October.
- Roberts, Russell D, 1984. "A Positive Model of Private Charity and Public Transfers," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(1), pages 136-148, February.
- Weisbrod, Burton A, 1983. "Nonprofit and Proprietary Sector Behavior: Wage Differentials among Lawyers," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 1(3), pages 246-263, July.
- Wei-Chiao Huang & Subhash C. Ray, 1986. "Labor Supply, Voluntary Work, and Charitable Contributions in a Model of Utility Maximization," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 12(3), pages 257-263, Jul-Sep.
- Brown, Eleanor & Lankford, Hamilton, 1992. "Gifts of money and gifts of time estimating the effects of tax prices and available time," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 321-341, April.
- Kathleen M. Day & Rose Anne Devlin, 1996. "Volunteerism and Crowding Out: Canadian Econometric Evidence," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 29(1), pages 37-53, February. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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