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ADHD, impulsivity and entrepreneurship

Author

Listed:
  • Wiklund, Johan
  • Yu, Wei
  • Tucker, Reginald
  • Marino, Louis D.

Abstract

Recently, entrepreneurship scholars have started to show interest in how “negative” traits associated with mental disorders such as ADHD may have positive implications in entrepreneurship. While this research has the potential of producing important and counter-intuitive results, it is still in its infancy and the causal mechanisms that drive those individuals to be attracted to entrepreneurship have received limited attention. Consequently, we draw on the person-environment fit literature and propose that individuals are attracted to, and engage in, entrepreneurship because the task environment of entrepreneurship which favors speed of action is aligned with the traits of those individuals. We develop and test a model which suggests that ADHD influences entrepreneurship through the multifaceted trait of impulsivity. We find that inattention is negatively but hyperactivity is positively associated with entrepreneurship. We also find that sensation seeking and lack of premeditation generally positively influences entrepreneurship, whereas urgency has the opposite influence. Taken together, this suggests complex, multifaceted implications of ADHD and impulsivity in entrepreneurship. Theoretical implications of these findings are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Wiklund, Johan & Yu, Wei & Tucker, Reginald & Marino, Louis D., 2017. "ADHD, impulsivity and entrepreneurship," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 627-656.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbvent:v:32:y:2017:i:6:p:627-656
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2017.07.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:eee:jbvent:v:34:y:2019:i:1:p:41-62 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:jobuve:v:9:y:2018:i:c:p:107-115 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Nikolova, Milena, 2018. "Self-Employment Can Be Good for Your Health," GLO Discussion Paper Series 226, Global Labor Organization (GLO).

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