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Regulate one service, tame the entire market: Credit cards in Turkey

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  • Akin, Guzin Gulsun
  • Aysan, Ahmet Faruk
  • Borici, Denada
  • Yildiran, Levent

Abstract

In credit card markets banks provide both payment and credit services. Two regulations were recently enacted in the Turkish credit card market: one on payment services in 2005 and the other on credit services in 2006. By employing the well-known Panzar and Rosse (1982, 1987) method and a unique quarterly data set for 21 Turkish banks between 2002 and 2008, we investigate the extent of banks’ market power in the Turkish credit card market before and after the regulations. Unlike most of the existing literature, which considers competition and regulation for either credit or payment services and ignores the externalities between them, we consider the entire market by taking both services into account. Fixed effects estimations reveal that banks enjoyed collusive oligopoly power before the regulations. Although the first regulation did not have much impact, the second led to rises in both banks’ total revenues and competition in the entire market.

Suggested Citation

  • Akin, Guzin Gulsun & Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Borici, Denada & Yildiran, Levent, 2013. "Regulate one service, tame the entire market: Credit cards in Turkey," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 1195-1204.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:4:p:1195-1204
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2012.11.016
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cash, Alyxandra & Tsai, Hui-Ju, 2018. "Readability of the credit card agreements and financial charges," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 145-150.
    2. Shaffer, Sherrill & Spierdijk, Laura, 2015. "The Panzar–Rosse revenue test and market power in banking," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 340-347.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit services; Payment services; Panzar–Rosse; Credit card rates; Merchant discounts; Interchange fees;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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