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The Failure of Price Competition in the Turkish Credit Card Market

Author

Listed:
  • G. Gulsun Akin
  • Ahmet Faruk Aysan
  • Gazi Ishak Kara
  • Levent Yildiran

Abstract

The failure of competition and the consequent high and sticky interest rates in credit card markets have recently been the subject of considerable debate and research. This paper presents the first regression testing for the existence of price competition in a credit card market to be estimated free of dynamic panel bias using recent quarterly data from Turkey. The estimation reveals that even though the effect of the cost of funds on credit card rates is statistically significant, it is very weak. The paper thus provides empirical evidence for the failure of price competition in the Turkish credit card market.

Suggested Citation

  • G. Gulsun Akin & Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Gazi Ishak Kara & Levent Yildiran, 2010. "The Failure of Price Competition in the Turkish Credit Card Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(0), pages 23-35, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:emfitr:v:46:y:2010:i:0:p:23-35
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hansen, Lars Peter, 1982. "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1029-1054, July.
    2. Sherrill Shaffer & Lorein Thomas, 2007. "A reassessment of market power among credit card banks," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(9), pages 755-767.
    3. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Müslim, Nusret Ahmet, 2006. "The Failure of Competition in the Credit Card Market in Turkey: The New Empirical Evidence," MPRA Paper 5483, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Calem, Paul S & Mester, Loretta J, 1995. "Consumer Behavior and the Stickiness of Credit-Card Interest Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1327-1336, December.
    5. Chakravorti Sujit, 2003. "Theory of Credit Card Networks: A Survey of the Literature," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 2(2), pages 1-19, June.
    6. Akin, Guzin Gulsun & Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Kara, Gazi Ishak & Yildiran, Levent, 2008. "Non-price competition in credit card markets through bundling and bank level benefits," MPRA Paper 17768, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Calem, Paul S. & Gordy, Michael B. & Mester, Loretta J., 2006. "Switching costs and adverse selection in the market for credit cards: New evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 1653-1685, June.
    8. Ausubel, Lawrence M, 1991. "The Failure of Competition in the Credit Card Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(1), pages 50-81, March.
    9. Nickell, Stephen J, 1981. "Biases in Dynamic Models with Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1417-1426, November.
    10. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
    11. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Lerzan, Yildiz, 2006. "The Regulation of the Credit Card Market in Turkey," MPRA Paper 5490, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Windmeijer, Frank, 2005. "A finite sample correction for the variance of linear efficient two-step GMM estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 126(1), pages 25-51, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Meryem Duygun Fethi & Mohamed Shaban & Thomas Weyman-Jones, 2012. "Turkish Banking Recapitalization and the Financial Crisis: An Efficiency and Productivity Analysis," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S5), pages 76-90, November.
    2. Akin, Guzin Gulsun & Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Kara, Gazi Ishak & Yildiran, Levent, 2008. "Non-price competition in credit card markets through bundling and bank level benefits," MPRA Paper 17768, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. E. Nur Ozkan Gunay, 2012. "Risk Incorporation and Efficiency in Emerging Market Banks During the Global Crisis: Evidence from Turkey, 2002-2009," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S5), pages 91-102, November.
    4. Meryem Duygun Fethi & Mohamed Shaban & Thomas Weyman-Jones, 2012. "Turkish Banking Recapitalization and the Financial Crisis: An Efficiency and Productivity Analysis," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S5), pages 76-90, November.
    5. Akin, Guzin Gulsun & Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Borici, Denada & Yildiran, Levent, 2013. "Regulate one service, tame the entire market: Credit cards in Turkey," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 1195-1204.
    6. G. Gulsun Akin & Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Serap Ozcelik & Levent Yildiran, 2012. "Credit Card Satisfaction and Financial Literacy: Evidence from an Emerging Market Economy," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S5), pages 103-115, November.
    7. G. Gulsun Akin & Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Denada Boriçi & Levent Yildiran, 2011. "The Role of Simultaneous Regulations of Credit Services and Payment Services on Competition," Working Papers 604, Economic Research Forum, revised 08 Jan 2011.
    8. Ismail H. Genc & Mehmet Balcilar, 2012. "Effectiveness of Inflation Targeting in Turkey," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S5), pages 35-47, November.
    9. E. Nur Ozkan Gunay, 2012. "Risk Incorporation and Efficiency in Emerging Market Banks During the Global Crisis: Evidence from Turkey, 2002-2009," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S5), pages 91-102, November.
    10. G. Gulsun Akin & Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Serap Ozcelik & Levent Yildiran, 2012. "Credit Card Satisfaction and Financial Literacy: Evidence from an Emerging Market Economy," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 48(S5), pages 103-115, November.
    11. Ahmet AYSAN & G. GULSUN AKIN & Denada BORICI & Levent YILDIRAN, "undated". "A Reassessment of Competition in the Credit Card Market by Introducing Liquidity Cost Measures: Evidence from an Emerging Economy," EcoMod2010 259600016, EcoMod.
    12. Ismail H. Genc & Mehmet Balcilar, 2012. "Effectiveness of Inflation Targeting in Turkey," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 48(S5), pages 35-47, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    banking; credit cards; price competition; system GMM;

    JEL classification:

    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance

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