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The proof is in the pudding: Arbitrage is possible in limited emerging markets


  • Ansotegui, Carmen
  • Bassiouny, Aliaa
  • Tooma, Eskandar


We investigate whether arbitrage trades exist in emerging markets with trading barriers. Using two-year intraday data for 16 Argentinean and Egyptian depository receipts and their underlying stock, we find large intraday deviations from parity. We extend the standard arbitrage identification procedure to account for volumes and precise dynamic measures of trading costs, resulting in 9.81% and 15.32% of Argentinean and Egyptian matched trades identified as arbitrage opportunities, which we show, result in real profitable arbitrage trades. Arbitrage profits of USD 1.8 million from Argentinean and USD 1.2 million from Egyptian depository receipts were estimated over the sample period.

Suggested Citation

  • Ansotegui, Carmen & Bassiouny, Aliaa & Tooma, Eskandar, 2013. "The proof is in the pudding: Arbitrage is possible in limited emerging markets," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 342-357.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intfin:v:23:y:2013:i:c:p:342-357
    DOI: 10.1016/j.intfin.2012.11.001

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Rabinovitch, Ramon & Silva, Ana Cristina & Susmel, Raul, 2003. "Returns on ADRs and arbitrage in emerging markets," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 225-247, September.
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    11. Kaul, Aditya & Mehrotra, Vikas, 2007. "The role of trades in price convergence: A study of dual-listed Canadian stocks," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 196-219, March.
    12. Suarez, E. Dante, 2005. "Arbitrage opportunities in the depositary receipts market: Myth or reality?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 469-480, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ghadhab, Imen, 2016. "The effect of additional foreign market presence on the trading volume of cross-listed/traded stocks," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 18-27.
    2. repec:eee:intfin:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:1-14 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Arbitrage; Depository receipts; Multi-market trading; Emerging markets; Transaction costs;

    JEL classification:

    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets


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