Healthcare policies over the last 20 years: Reforms and counter-reforms
The case argued in this article is that the last two decades have been characterised by distinct waves of healthcare reforms. The first, in the early 1990s, aimed to introduce more patients' choice and greater competition between the components of the healthcare system. The second, from 1995 to 2000, had the opposite aim of introducing greater integration and regulation. From 2000 onwards, the policy issue more in vogue has been the strengthening of patients' rights. Looking for the motives behind these reform strategies, this article aims to show how the ideological leaning of the governments in power affects the content of reform initiatives. The analysis presents evidence drawn from six OECD countries: France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden and UK.
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- Ashton, Toni & Mays, Nicholas & Devlin, Nancy, 2005. "Continuity through change: The rhetoric and reality of health reform in New Zealand," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 253-262, July.
- Adam Oliver, 2005. "The English National Health Service: 1979-2005," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(S1), pages S75-S99.
- Anders Anell, 2005. "Swedish healthcare under pressure," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(S1), pages S237-S254.
- Howden-Chapman, Philippa & Ashton, Toni, 2000. "Public purchasing and private priorities for healthcare in New Zealand," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 27-43, November.
- Siciliani, Luigi & Hurst, Jeremy, 2005. "Tackling excessive waiting times for elective surgery: a comparative analysis of policies in 12 OECD countries," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 201-215, May.
- Frederik T. Schut & Wynand P. M. M. Van de Ven, 2005. "Rationing and competition in the Dutch health-care system," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(S1), pages S59-S74.
- Ashton, Toni & Cumming, Jacqueline & McLean, Janet, 2004. "Contracting for health services in a public health system: the New Zealand experience," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 21-31, July.
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