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Minimum cost arborescences


  • Dutta, Bhaskar
  • Mishra, Debasis


In this paper, we analyze the cost allocation problem when a group of agents or nodes have to be connected to a source, and where the cost matrix describing the cost of connecting each pair of agents is not necessarily symmetric, thus extending the well-studied problem of minimum cost spanning tree games, where the costs are assumed to be symmetric. The focus is on rules which satisfy axioms representing incentive and fairness properties. We show that while some results are similar, there are also significant differences between the frameworks corresponding to symmetric and asymmetric cost matrices.

Suggested Citation

  • Dutta, Bhaskar & Mishra, Debasis, 2012. "Minimum cost arborescences," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 120-143.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:gamebe:v:74:y:2012:i:1:p:120-143
    DOI: 10.1016/j.geb.2011.05.007

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dutta, Bhaskar & Kar, Anirban, 2004. "Cost monotonicity, consistency and minimum cost spanning tree games," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 223-248, August.
    2. Bergantiños, Gustavo & Kar, Anirban, 2010. "On obligation rules for minimum cost spanning tree problems," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 224-237, July.
    3. Bergantinos, Gustavo & Vidal-Puga, Juan J., 2007. "A fair rule in minimum cost spanning tree problems," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 137(1), pages 326-352, November.
    4. Kar, Anirban, 2002. "Axiomatization of the Shapley Value on Minimum Cost Spanning Tree Games," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 265-277, February.
    5. Tijs, S.H. & Moretti, S. & Brânzei, R. & Norde, H.W., 2005. "The Bird Core for Minimum Cost Spanning Tree problems Revisited : Monotonicity and Additivity Aspects," Discussion Paper 2005-3, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    6. Stefano Moretti & Rodica Branzei & Henk Norde & Stef Tijs, 2004. "The P-value for cost sharing in minimum," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 56(2_2), pages 47-61, February.
    7. Norde, Henk & Moretti, Stefano & Tijs, Stef, 2004. "Minimum cost spanning tree games and population monotonic allocation schemes," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 154(1), pages 84-97, April.
    8. Brânzei, R. & Moretti, S. & Norde, H.W. & Tijs, S.H., 2003. "The P-Value for Cost Sharing in Minimum Cost Spanning Tree Situations," Discussion Paper 2003-129, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    9. Hart, Sergiu & Mas-Colell, Andreu, 1989. "Potential, Value, and Consistency," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(3), pages 589-614, May.
    10. Feltkamp, V. & Tijs, S.H. & Muto, S., 1994. "On the irreducible core and the equal remaining obligations rule of minimum cost spanning extension problems," Discussion Paper 1994-106, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    11. Gustavo Bergantiños & Juan Vidal-Puga, 2007. "The optimistic TU game in minimum cost spanning tree problems," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 36(2), pages 223-239, October.
    12. Bogomolnaia, Anna & Moulin, Hervé, 2010. "Sharing a minimal cost spanning tree: Beyond the Folk solution," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 238-248, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kusunoki, Yoshifumi & Tanino, Tetsuzo, 2017. "Investigation on irreducible cost vectors in minimum cost arborescence problems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 261(1), pages 214-221.
    2. repec:spr:sochwe:v:49:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s00355-017-1061-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Bergantiños, Gustavo & Vidal-Puga, Juan, 2016. "One-way and two-way cost allocation in hub network problems," MPRA Paper 74875, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Hernández, Penélope & Peris, Josep E. & Silva-Reus, José A., 2016. "Strategic sharing of a costly network," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 72-82.
    5. Bergantiños, Gustavo & Martínez, Ricardo, 2014. "Cost allocation in asymmetric trees," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 237(3), pages 975-987.
    6. Eric Bahel & Christian Trudeau, 2016. "From spanning trees to arborescences: new and extended cost sharing solutions," Working Papers 1601, University of Windsor, Department of Economics.

    More about this item


    Directed networks; Cost allocation; Core stability; Continuity; Cost monotonicity;

    JEL classification:

    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • C70 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - General


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