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Interactions of economic growth, energy consumption and the environment in the context of the crisis – A study with uncertain data


  • Henriques, C. Oliveira
  • Antunes, C. Henggeler


The global financial crisis has brought severe impacts on the Portuguese economy. In this context, the Portuguese government has recently adopted harsh measures that will have deep impacts on peoples' lives. This paper discusses the influence of these measures on economic growth, social well-being, energy consumption as well as its impacts on the environment using a multi-objective linear programming model based on input–output analysis. Uncertainty is captured taking into account different model coefficient settings by means of interval programming tools.

Suggested Citation

  • Henriques, C. Oliveira & Antunes, C. Henggeler, 2012. "Interactions of economic growth, energy consumption and the environment in the context of the crisis – A study with uncertain data," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 415-422.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:48:y:2012:i:1:p:415-422
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kang, Jidong & Ng, Tsan Sheng & Su, Bin, 2020. "Optimizing electricity mix for CO2 emissions reduction: A robust input-output linear programming model," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 287(1), pages 280-292.
    2. Hashem Omrani & Mahsa Valipour & Ali Emrouznejad, 2019. "Using Weighted Goal Programming Model for Planning Regional Sustainable Development to Optimal Workforce Allocation: An Application for Provinces of Iran," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 141(3), pages 1007-1035, February.
    3. de Carvalho, Ariovaldo Lopes & Henggeler Antunes, Carlos & Freire, Fausto & Oliveira Henriques, Carla, 2016. "A multi-objective interactive approach to assess economic-energy-environment trade-offs in Brazil," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1429-1442.
    4. Ribeiro, Fernando & Ferreira, Paula & Araújo, Madalena, 2013. "Evaluating future scenarios for the power generation sector using a Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) tool: The Portuguese case," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 126-136.
    5. Boglioni, Michele & Zambelli, Stefano, 2018. "Specialization patterns and reduction of CO2 emissions. An empirical investigation of environmental preservation and economic efficiency," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 134-149.
    6. Weiyao Tang & Zongmin Li & Yan Tu, 2018. "Sustainability Risk Evaluation for Large-Scale Hydropower Projects with Hybrid Uncertainty," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(1), pages 1-19, January.
    7. Pao, Hsiao-Tien & Chen, Haipeng (Allan) & Li, Yi-Ying, 2015. "Competitive dynamics of energy, environment, and economy in the U.S," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 449-460.
    8. C. Oliveira & D. Coelho & C. H. Antunes, 2016. "Coupling input–output analysis with multiobjective linear programming models for the study of economy–energy–environment–social (E3S) trade-offs: a review," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 247(2), pages 471-502, December.
    9. Pao, Hsiao-Tien & Fu, Hsin-Chia, 2015. "Competition and stability analyses among emissions, energy, and economy: Application for Mexico," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 98-107.
    10. Oliveira, C. & Coelho, D. & Pereira da Silva, P. & Antunes, C.H., 2013. "How many jobs can the RES-E sectors generate in the Portuguese context?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 444-455.
    11. Cinzia Colapinto & Raja Jayaraman & Fouad Ben Abdelaziz & Davide La Torre, 2020. "Environmental sustainability and multifaceted development: multi-criteria decision models with applications," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 293(2), pages 405-432, October.
    12. Soares, N. & Martins, A.G. & Carvalho, A.L. & Caldeira, C. & Du, C. & Castanheira, É. & Rodrigues, E. & Oliveira, G. & Pereira, G.I. & Bastos, J. & Ferreira, J.P. & Ribeiro, L.A. & Figueiredo, N.C. & , 2018. "The challenging paradigm of interrelated energy systems towards a more sustainable future," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 171-193.
    13. Jayaraman, Raja & Colapinto, Cinzia & La Torre, Davide & Malik, Tufail, 2017. "A Weighted Goal Programming model for planning sustainable development applied to Gulf Cooperation Council Countries," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 185(P2), pages 1931-1939.
    14. Carvalho, Ariovaldo Lopes de & Antunes, Carlos Henggeler & Freire, Fausto & Henriques, Carla Oliveira, 2015. "A hybrid input–output multi-objective model to assess economic–energy–environment trade-offs in Brazil," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 769-785.


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