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Effects of carbon and environmental tax on power mix planning - A case study of Hebei Province, China

Author

Listed:
  • Wang, B.
  • Liu, L.
  • Huang, G.H.
  • Li, W.
  • Xie, Y.L.

Abstract

The growing energy crisis and severe atmospheric pollution have put much pressure on the Chinese government and resulted in a lot of revolutionary changes. Considering the upcoming new environmental and carbon tax, how would the tax reform affect the power sector; which types and how much of the different power generation technologies would be added are important questions that need to be answered by decision makers. In this study, a deterministic optimization model is proposed for determining the optimal power mix through the introduction of environmental and carbon taxes. A case study of Hebei Province in China is provided to illustrate the effects of these two taxes. The capacity additions of different generation technologies, air pollutants and CO2 emission amounts, system costs, and regional power security under different tax levels are profoundly examined. The modeling results indicate that such tax policies could significantly improve to the power mix adjustment as well as the quality of the ambient air quality. Higher tax levels would promote the development of renewable power generation. Meanwhile, different degrees of CO2 and air pollutant emission reduction can be achieved. The modeling results could help the decision makers identify the satisfactory tax levels in the future.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, B. & Liu, L. & Huang, G.H. & Li, W. & Xie, Y.L., 2018. "Effects of carbon and environmental tax on power mix planning - A case study of Hebei Province, China," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 645-657.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:143:y:2018:i:c:p:645-657
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2017.11.025
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Noussan, Michel, 2018. "Performance based approach for electricity generation in smart grids," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 220(C), pages 231-241.
    2. Lin, Boqiang & Jia, Zhijie, 2019. "How does tax system on energy industries affect energy demand, CO2 emissions, and economy in China?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C).
    3. Wu, C.B. & Guan, P.B. & Zhong, L.N. & Lv, J. & Hu, X.F. & Huang, G.H. & Li, C.C., 2020. "An optimized low-carbon production planning model for power industry in coal-dependent regions - A case study of Shandong, China," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 192(C).
    4. Freire-González, Jaume & Puig-Ventosa, Ignasi, 2019. "Reformulating taxes for an energy transition," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 312-323.
    5. Quiroga, Daniela & Sauma, Enzo & Pozo, David, 2019. "Power system expansion planning under global and local emission mitigation policies," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 239(C), pages 1250-1264.
    6. Pinglin He & Jing Ning & Zhongfu Yu & Hao Xiong & Huayu Shen & Hui Jin, 2019. "Can Environmental Tax Policy Really Help to Reduce Pollutant Emissions? An Empirical Study of a Panel ARDL Model Based on OECD Countries and China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(16), pages 1-32, August.

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