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Did residential electricity rates fall after retail competition? A dynamic panel analysis

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  • Swadley, Adam
  • Yücel, Mine

Abstract

A key selling point for the restructuring of electricity markets was the promise of lower prices. There is not much consensus in earlier studies on the effects of electricity deregulation in the U.S., particularly for residential customers. Part of the reason for not finding a consistent link with deregulation and lower prices was that the removal of transitional price caps led to higher prices. In addition, the timing of the removal of price caps coincided with rising fuel prices, which were passed on to consumers in a competitive market. Using a dynamic panel model, we analyze the effect of participation rates, fuel costs, market size, a rate cap and switch to competition for 16 states and the District of Columbia. We find that an increase in participation rates, price controls, a larger market, and high shares of hydro in electricity generation lower retail prices, while increases in natural gas and coal prices increase rates. We also find that retail competition makes the market more efficient by lowering the markup of retail prices over wholesale costs. The effects of a competitive retail electricity market are mixed across states, but generally appear to lower prices in states with high participation rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Swadley, Adam & Yücel, Mine, 2011. "Did residential electricity rates fall after retail competition? A dynamic panel analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(12), pages 7702-7711.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:39:y:2011:i:12:p:7702-7711
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2011.09.014
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    3. Kleit, Andrew N. & Shcherbakova, Anastasia V. & Chen, Xu, 2012. "Restructuring and the retail residential market for power in Pennsylvania," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 443-451.
    4. Hyland, Marie, 2016. "Restructuring European electricity markets – A panel data analysis," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 33-42.
    5. McDaniel, Tanga M. & Groothuis, Peter A., 2012. "Retail competition in electricity supply—Survey results in North Carolina," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 315-321.
    6. Pasrun Adam & Usman Rianse & Edi Cahyono & Manat Rahim, 2015. "Modeling of the Dynamics Relationship between World Crude Oil Prices and the Stock Market in Indonesia," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 550-557.
    7. Eric L. Prentis, 2015. "Evidence on U.S. Electricity Prices: Regulated Utility vs. Restructured States," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(1), pages 253-262.
    8. Claire Bergaentzlé, 2013. "From smart technology to smart consumers: for better system reliability and improved market efficiency," Post-Print halshs-01011169, HAL.

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    Keywords

    Electricity; Competition; Restructuring;

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