IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/enepol/v127y2019icp113-124.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Historical trends in global energy policy and renewable power system issues in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case of solar PV

Author

Listed:
  • Pillot, Benjamin
  • Muselli, Marc
  • Poggi, Philippe
  • Dias, João Batista

Abstract

From 1972 and the Meadows report to 1997 and the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by most of the countries in the world, the global energy policy framework has moved on to considering the concept of sustainable development. Regarding electrification, modern renewable power systems such as solar PV have sprung up in the wake of this major mutation and have typically undergone a significant growth since the beginning of this century. In this paper, we first investigate the historical interactions between energy and society in both global and Sub-Saharan contexts and how renewable power has ended up being considered accordingly. From the need for sustainable development to grid-connected architecture on the one hand; from the lack of human development to rural off-grid electrification on the other. Then, using the case of solar PV, we propose a reading of the issues and challenges renewable power systems are currently facing in Sub-Saharan Africa, by linking those aspects to the previously stated global policy framework, and in particular the historical segmentation of the renewable energy worldwide market between grid-connected and off-grid sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Pillot, Benjamin & Muselli, Marc & Poggi, Philippe & Dias, João Batista, 2019. "Historical trends in global energy policy and renewable power system issues in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case of solar PV," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 113-124.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:127:y:2019:i:c:p:113-124
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.11.049
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421518307870
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Abubakar Mas’ud, Abdullahi & Wirba, Asan Vernyuy & Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus & Albarracín, Ricardo & Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa & Munir, Abu Bakar & Bani, Nurul Aini, 2016. "A review on the recent progress made on solar photovoltaic in selected countries of sub-Saharan Africa," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 441-452.
    2. Moner-Girona, M. & Solano-Peralta, M. & Lazopoulou, M. & Ackom, E.K. & Vallve, X. & Szabó, S., 2018. "Electrification of Sub-Saharan Africa through PV/hybrid mini-grids: Reducing the gap between current business models and on-site experience," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 1148-1161.
    3. Opiyo, Nicholas, 2016. "A survey informed PV-based cost-effective electrification options for rural sub-Saharan Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 1-11.
    4. Deichmann, Uwe & Meisner, Craig & Murray, Siobhan & Wheeler, David, 2011. "The economics of renewable energy expansion in rural Sub-Saharan Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 215-227, January.
    5. Brunet, Carole & Savadogo, Oumarou & Baptiste, Pierre & Bouchard, Michel A., 2018. "Shedding some light on photovoltaic solar energy in Africa – A literature review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 325-342.
    6. Nouni, M.R. & Mullick, S.C. & Kandpal, T.C., 2008. "Providing electricity access to remote areas in India: An approach towards identifying potential areas for decentralized electricity supply," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 1187-1220, June.
    7. Mainali, Brijesh & Silveira, Semida, 2013. "Alternative pathways for providing access to electricity in developing countries," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 299-310.
    8. Alonso García, M.C. & Balenzategui, J.L., 2004. "Estimation of photovoltaic module yearly temperature and performance based on Nominal Operation Cell Temperature calculations," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 29(12), pages 1997-2010.
    9. Hansen, Ulrich Elmer & Pedersen, Mathilde Brix & Nygaard, Ivan, 2015. "Review of solar PV policies, interventions and diffusion in East Africa," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 236-248.
    10. Abdmouleh, Zeineb & Alammari, Rashid A.M. & Gastli, Adel, 2015. "Review of policies encouraging renewable energy integration & best practices," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 249-262.
    11. Baurzhan, Saule & Jenkins, Glenn P., 2016. "Off-grid solar PV: Is it an affordable or appropriate solution for rural electrification in Sub-Saharan African countries?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 1405-1418.
    12. Karekezi, Stephen & Kithyoma, Waeni, 2002. "Renewable energy strategies for rural Africa: is a PV-led renewable energy strategy the right approach for providing modern energy to the rural poor of sub-Saharan Africa?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(11-12), pages 1071-1086, September.
    13. Sharma, Vikrant & Chandel, S.S., 2013. "Performance and degradation analysis for long term reliability of solar photovoltaic systems: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 753-767.
    14. Li, Xuping & Paster, Mark & Stubbins, James, 2015. "The dynamics of electricity grid operation with increasing renewables and the path toward maximum renewable deployment," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 1007-1015.
    15. Hondo, Hiroki, 2005. "Life cycle GHG emission analysis of power generation systems: Japanese case," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 30(11), pages 2042-2056.
    16. Schwerhoff, Gregor & Sy, Mouhamadou, 2017. "Financing renewable energy in Africa – Key challenge of the sustainable development goals," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 393-401.
    17. Obi, Manasseh & Bass, Robert, 2016. "Trends and challenges of grid-connected photovoltaic systems – A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 1082-1094.
    18. Chang, Ching-Chih & Chung, Chia-Ling, 2018. "Greenhouse gas mitigation policies in Taiwan's road transportation sectors," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 299-307.
    19. Chaurey, Akanksha & Kandpal, Tara Chandra, 2010. "Assessment and evaluation of PV based decentralized rural electrification: An overview," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(8), pages 2266-2278, October.
    20. Eltawil, Mohamed A. & Zhao, Zhengming, 2010. "Grid-connected photovoltaic power systems: Technical and potential problems--A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 112-129, January.
    21. Chowdhury, Shahriar Ahmed & Mourshed, Monjur, 2016. "Off-grid electrification with solar home systems: An appraisal of the quality of components," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 585-598.
    22. Ogola, Pacifica F. Achieng & Davidsdottir, Brynhildur & Fridleifsson, Ingvar Birgir, 2012. "Potential contribution of geothermal energy to climate change adaptation: A case study of the arid and semi-arid eastern Baringo lowlands, Kenya," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 4222-4246.
    23. Adkins, Edwin & Eapen, Sandy & Kaluwile, Flora & Nair, Gautam & Modi, Vijay, 2010. "Off-grid energy services for the poor: Introducing LED lighting in the Millennium Villages Project in Malawi," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 1087-1097, February.
    24. Mulugetta, Yacob & Nhete, Tinashe & Jackson, Tim, 2000. "Photovoltaics in Zimbabwe: lessons from the GEF Solar project," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(14), pages 1069-1080, November.
    25. Sarah Feron, 2016. "Sustainability of Off-Grid Photovoltaic Systems for Rural Electrification in Developing Countries: A Review," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(12), pages 1-1, December.
    26. Mandelli, Stefano & Barbieri, Jacopo & Mereu, Riccardo & Colombo, Emanuela, 2016. "Off-grid systems for rural electrification in developing countries: Definitions, classification and a comprehensive literature review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 1621-1646.
    27. Gustavsson, Mathias, 2007. "Educational benefits from solar technology--Access to solar electric services and changes in children's study routines, experiences from eastern province Zambia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 1292-1299, February.
    28. Ramírez, F. Javier & Honrubia-Escribano, A. & Gómez-Lázaro, E. & Pham, Duc T., 2017. "Combining feed-in tariffs and net-metering schemes to balance development in adoption of photovoltaic energy: Comparative economic assessment and policy implications for European countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 440-452.
    29. Eberhard, Anton & Gratwick, Katharine & Morella, Elvira & Antmann, Pedro, 2017. "Independent Power Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa: Investment trends and policy lessons," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 390-424.
    30. Chineke, Theo Chidiezie & Ezike, Fabian M., 2010. "Political will and collaboration for electric power reform through renewable energy in Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 678-684, January.
    31. Jafar, M, 2000. "Renewable energy in the South Pacific—options and constraints," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 305-309.
    32. Subburaj, Anitha S. & Pushpakaran, Bejoy N. & Bayne, Stephen B., 2015. "Overview of grid connected renewable energy based battery projects in USA," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 219-234.
    33. Ikejemba, Eugene C.X. & Schuur, Peter C. & Van Hillegersberg, Jos & Mpuan, Peter B., 2017. "Failures & generic recommendations towards the sustainable management of renewable energy projects in Sub-Saharan Africa (Part 2 of 2)," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 639-647.
    34. Moyo, Busani, 2013. "Power infrastructure quality and manufacturing productivity in Africa: A firm level analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1063-1070.
    35. Lahimer, A.A. & Alghoul, M.A. & Yousif, Fadhil & Razykov, T.M. & Amin, N. & Sopian, K., 2013. "Research and development aspects on decentralized electrification options for rural household," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 314-324.
    36. Avril, S. & Mansilla, C. & Busson, M. & Lemaire, T., 2012. "Photovoltaic energy policy: Financial estimation and performance comparison of the public support in five representative countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 244-258.
    37. Karekezi, Stephen, 2002. "Renewables in Africa--meeting the energy needs of the poor," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(11-12), pages 1059-1069, September.
    38. Ikejemba, Eugene C.X. & Mpuan, Peter B. & Schuur, Peter C. & Van Hillegersberg, Jos, 2017. "The empirical reality & sustainable management failures of renewable energy projects in Sub-Saharan Africa (part 1 of 2)," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 102(PA), pages 234-240.
    39. Gustavsson, Mathias & Ellegård, Anders, 2004. "The impact of solar home systems on rural livelihoods. Experiences from the Nyimba Energy Service Company in Zambia," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 29(7), pages 1059-1072.
    40. Al-Addous, Mohammad & Dalala, Zakariya & Class, Christina B. & Alawneh, Firas & Al-Taani, Hussein, 2017. "Performance analysis of off-grid PV systems in the Jordan Valley," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 930-941.
    41. Drennen, Thomas E & Erickson, Jon D & Chapman, Duane, 1996. "Solar power and climate change policy in developing countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 9-16, January.
    42. Mohammed, Y.S. & Mustafa, M.W. & Bashir, N., 2013. "Status of renewable energy consumption and developmental challenges in Sub-Sahara Africa," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 453-463.
    43. Wamukonya, Njeri, 2007. "Solar home system electrification as a viable technology option for Africa's development," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 6-14, January.
    44. Lacal Arantegui, Roberto & Jäger-Waldau, Arnulf, 2018. "Photovoltaics and wind status in the European Union after the Paris Agreement," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 81(P2), pages 2460-2471.
    45. Giglmayr, Sebastian & Brent, Alan C. & Gauché, Paul & Fechner, Hubert, 2015. "Utility-scale PV power and energy supply outlook for South Africa in 2015," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 779-785.
    46. Dagnachew, Anteneh G. & Lucas, Paul L. & Hof, Andries F. & Gernaat, David E.H.J. & de Boer, Harmen-Sytze & van Vuuren, Detlef P., 2017. "The role of decentralized systems in providing universal electricity access in Sub-Saharan Africa – A model-based approach," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 184-195.
    47. Kazmerski, Lawrence L., 1997. "Photovoltaics: A review of cell and module technologies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 1(1-2), pages 71-170, March.
    48. Shivarama Krishna, K. & Sathish Kumar, K., 2015. "A review on hybrid renewable energy systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 907-916.
    49. Bugaje, I.M., 2006. "Renewable energy for sustainable development in Africa: a review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 10(6), pages 603-612, December.
    50. Kaundinya, Deepak Paramashivan & Balachandra, P. & Ravindranath, N.H., 2009. "Grid-connected versus stand-alone energy systems for decentralized power--A review of literature," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(8), pages 2041-2050, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Florinda Martins & Carlos Felgueiras & Miroslava Smitkova & Nídia Caetano, 2019. "Analysis of Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption and Environmental Impacts in European Countries," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(6), pages 1-1, March.
    2. Opoku, Richard & Obeng, George Y. & Adjei, Eunice A. & Davis, Francis & Akuffo, Fred O., 2020. "Integrated system efficiency in reducing redundancy and promoting residential renewable energy in countries without net-metering: A case study of a SHS in Ghana," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 155(C), pages 65-78.
    3. Aliyu Salisu Barau & Aliyu Haidar Abubakar & Abdul-Hakim Ibrahim Kiyawa, 2020. "Not There Yet: Mapping Inhibitions to Solar Energy Utilisation by Households in African Informal Urban Neighbourhoods," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-1, January.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:127:y:2019:i:c:p:113-124. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Haili He). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.