Modularity analysis of the Canadian natural gas sector
The paper describes the technological process presented as a chain of tasks that natural gas companies in Canada perform to move natural gas products from the geological formation to the final consumer. Investigating the norms the firms use to establish cooperation with clients and suppliers, it shows that the standardization of tasks facilitate arm's length interactions within the chain. The paper studies the distribution of risks in client–supplier pairs and concludes that their asymmetry in risk-taking may be indicative of relative importance that the risk takers assume within the pairs. Finally, the paper touches on the role that federal and provincial governments play in regulated segments of the chain and suggests that government-sponsored standardization may need to get reconciled with market practices.
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Carliss Y. Baldwin, 2008. "Where do transactions come from? Modularity, transactions, and the boundaries of firms," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(1), pages 155-195, February.
- Froot, Kenneth A & Scharfstein, David S & Stein, Jeremy C, 1993.
" Risk Management: Coordinating Corporate Investment and Financing Policies,"
Journal of Finance,
American Finance Association, vol. 48(5), pages 1629-1658, December.
- Kenneth A. Froot & David S. Scharfstein & Jeremy C. Stein, 1992. "Risk Management: Coordinating Corporate Investment and Financing Policies," NBER Working Papers 4084, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Doucet, Joseph & Littlechild, Stephen, 2009. "Negotiated settlements and the National Energy Board in Canada," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4633-4644, November.
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