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The index premium and its hidden cost for index funds

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  • Petajisto, Antti

Abstract

This paper empirically investigates the index premium and its implications from 1990 to 2005. For additions to the S&P 500 and Russell 2000, we find that the price impact from announcement to effective day has averaged + 8.8% and + 4.7%, respectively, and -15.1% and -4.6% for deletions. The premia have been growing over time, peaking in 2000, and declining since then. The implied price elasticity of demand increases with firm size and decreases with idiosyncratic risk, supporting theoretical predictions. We also introduce a new concept that we label the index turnover cost, which represents a hidden cost borne by index funds (and the indexes themselves) due to the index premium. We illustrate this cost and estimate its lower bound as 21-28 bp annually for the S&P 500 and 38-77 bp annually for the Russell 2000.

Suggested Citation

  • Petajisto, Antti, 2011. "The index premium and its hidden cost for index funds," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 271-288, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:empfin:v:18:y:2011:i:2:p:271-288
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:finana:v:52:y:2017:i:c:p:228-239 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Eric Belasco & Michael Finke & David Nanigian, 2012. "The impact of passive investing on corporate valuations," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 38(11), pages 1067-1084, September.
    3. Kalle Rinne & Matti Suominen, 2014. "Mutual Funds’ Returns from Providing Liquidity and Costs of Immediacy," LSF Research Working Paper Series 14-01, Luxembourg School of Finance, University of Luxembourg.
    4. Cremers, Martijn & Petajisto, Antti & Zitzewitz, Eric, 2013. "Should Benchmark Indices Have Alpha? Revisiting Performance Evaluation," Critical Finance Review, now publishers, vol. 2(1), pages 1-48, July.
    5. Terence C. Burnham & Harry Gakidis & Jeffrey Wurgler, 2017. "Investing in the Presence of Massive Flows: The Case of MSCI Country Reclassifications," NBER Working Papers 23557, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Sina Ehsani & Donald Lien, 2015. "Effects of Passive Intensity on Aggregate Price Dynamics," The Financial Review, Eastern Finance Association, vol. 50(3), pages 363-391, August.
    7. repec:eme:mfipps:v:36:y:2010:i:3:p:380-402 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Lajbcygier, Paul & Sojka, Jeremy, 2015. "The viability of alternative indexation when including all costs," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 109-141.
    9. Yen-Cheng Chang & Harrison Hong & Inessa Liskovich, 2015. "Regression Discontinuity and the Price Effects of Stock Market Indexing," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 28(1), pages 212-246.
    10. Emilio Ricardo Carvalhais & Antonio Marcos Duarte Júnior, 2015. "Indexation of Fixed-Income Portfolios to the IMA-B," Brazilian Business Review, Fucape Business School, vol. 12(3), pages 116-142, May.
    11. Dahlquist, Magnus & Odegaard, Bernt Arne, 2018. "A Review of Norges Bank's Active Management of the Government Pension Fund Global," UiS Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2018/1, University of Stavanger.
    12. Terence C. Burnham & Harry Gakidis & Jeffrey Wurgler, 2017. "A Flexible and Customizable Method for Assessing Cognitive Abilities," Working Papers 17-10, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.

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