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Methodological comparison between DEA (data envelopment analysis) and DEA-DA (discriminant analysis) from the perspective of bankruptcy assessment

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  • Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki
  • Goto, Mika

Abstract

This study compares DEA (data envelopment analysis) with DEA-DA (discriminant analysis) in terms of bankruptcy assessment. Recently, many DEA researchers propose a use of DEA as a quick-and-easy tool to assess corporate bankruptcy. Meanwhile, other DEA researchers discuss a use of DEA-DA for bankruptcy-based financial analysis. The two groups are very different from the conventional use of DEA because we have long applied DEA to the measurement of operational performance, or productivity analysis. The two research groups open up a new application area (bankruptcy-based financial assessment) for DEA. This study discusses methodological strengths and weaknesses of DEA and DEA-DA from the perspective of corporate failure. The proposed comparative analysis has the three main criteria: (a) how to handle negative data in financial variables, (b) how to handle data imbalance between default and non-default firms, and (c) how to identify a failure process over time. This study finds that DEA is a managerial tool for the initial assessment of corporate failure and DEA is useful for busy corporate leaders and financial managers. In contrast, DEA-DA is useful for researchers and individuals who are interested in the detailed assessment of bankruptcy and its failure process in a time horizon.

Suggested Citation

  • Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2009. "Methodological comparison between DEA (data envelopment analysis) and DEA-DA (discriminant analysis) from the perspective of bankruptcy assessment," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 199(2), pages 561-575, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:199:y:2009:i:2:p:561-575
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. du Jardin, Philippe & Séverin, Eric, 2012. "Forecasting financial failure using a Kohonen map: A comparative study to improve model stability over time," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 221(2), pages 378-396.
    2. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2015. "DEA environmental assessment in time horizon: Radial approach for Malmquist index measurement on petroleum companies," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 329-345.
    3. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2016. "Undesirable congestion under natural disposability and desirable congestion under managerial disposability in U.S. electric power industry measured by DEA environmental assessment," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 173-188.
    4. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika & Sugiyama, Manabu, 2013. "DEA window analysis for environmental assessment in a dynamic time shift: Performance assessment of U.S. coal-fired power plants," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 845-857.
    5. du Jardin, Philippe & Séverin, Eric, 2010. "Dynamic analysis of the business failure process: A study of bankruptcy trajectories," MPRA Paper 44379, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2015. "Japanese fuel mix strategy after disaster of Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant: Lessons from international comparison among industrial nations measured by DEA environmental assessment in time hori," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(PA), pages 87-103.
    7. repec:wsi:apjorx:v:34:y:2017:i:04:n:s0217595917500130 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika & Omi, Yusuke, 2010. "Corporate governance and firm performance: Evidence from Japanese manufacturing industries after the lost decade," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 203(3), pages 724-736, June.
    9. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Yuan, Yan, 2015. "Comparison among U.S. industrial sectors by DEA environmental assessment: Equipped with analytical capability to handle zero or negative in production factors," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(PA), pages 69-86.
    10. repec:eee:spacre:v:15:y:2012:i:1:p:7-58 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:eee:joecas:v:13:y:2016:i:c:p:100-113 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Nyitrai, Tamás, 2014. "Növelhető-e a csőd-előrejelző modellek előre jelző képessége az új klasszifikációs módszerek nélkül?
      [Can the predictive capacity of bankruptcy forecasting models be increased without new classific
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 566-585.
    13. du Jardin, Philippe, 2015. "Bankruptcy prediction using terminal failure processes," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 242(1), pages 286-303.
    14. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika & Shang, Jennifer, 2009. "Core business concentration vs. corporate diversification in the US electric utility industry: Synergy and deregulation effects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4583-4594, November.
    15. repec:eee:apmaco:v:251:y:2015:i:c:p:431-441 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2013. "DEA environmental assessment in a time horizon: Malmquist index on fuel mix, electricity and CO2 of industrial nations," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 370-382.
    17. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2012. "Returns to Scale and Damages to Scale with Strong Complementary Slackness Conditions in DEA Assessment: Japanese Corporate Effort on Environment Protection," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 1422-1434.
    18. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2012. "Efficiency-based rank assessment for electric power industry: A combined use of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and DEA-Discriminant Analysis (DA)," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 634-644.
    19. Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki & Goto, Mika, 2015. "Environmental assessment on coal-fired power plants in U.S. north-east region by DEA non-radial measurement," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 125-139.
    20. Wang, Derek & Li, Shanling & Sueyoshi, Toshiyuki, 2014. "DEA environmental assessment on U.S. Industrial sectors: Investment for improvement in operational and environmental performance to attain corporate sustainability," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 254-267.
    21. Yang, Chyan & Liu, Hsian-Ming, 2012. "Managerial efficiency in Taiwan bank branches: A network DEA," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 450-461.
    22. Fadime Üney-Yüksektepe, 2014. "A novel approach to cutting decision trees," Central European Journal of Operations Research, Springer;Slovak Society for Operations Research;Hungarian Operational Research Society;Czech Society for Operations Research;Österr. Gesellschaft für Operations Research (ÖGOR);Slovenian Society Informatika - Section for Operational Research;Croatian Operational Research Society, vol. 22(3), pages 553-565, September.

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