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Optimal building evacuation time considering evacuation routes


  • Pursals, Salvador Casadesús
  • Garzón, Federico Garriga


The main purpose of this work is to present a formulation of the building evacuation problem that incorporates evacuation routes and applies the functions developed by Nelson and McLennan [H.E. Nelson, H.A. McLennan (Eds.), Emergency Movement, The SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, 1996, pp. 3.286-3.295 (Section 3/Chapter 14)] to model the movement of people. These considerations lead to significant changes in the form of the evacuation and inverse evacuation functions, so it is necessary to develop a new procedure for solving the building evacuation problem.

Suggested Citation

  • Pursals, Salvador Casadesús & Garzón, Federico Garriga, 2009. "Optimal building evacuation time considering evacuation routes," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 192(2), pages 692-699, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:192:y:2009:i:2:p:692-699

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Choi, W. & Hamacher, H. W. & Tufekci, S., 1988. "Modeling of building evacuation problems by network flows with side constraints," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 98-110, April.
    2. Lovas, Gunnar G., 1995. "On performance measures for evacuation systems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 352-367, September.
    3. J MacGregor Smith & D Towsley, 1981. "The Use of Queuing Networks in the Evaluation of Egress from Buildings," Environment and Planning B, , vol. 8(2), pages 125-139, June.
    4. L. G. Chalmet & R. L. Francis & P. B. Saunders, 1982. "Network Models for Building Evacuation," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 28(1), pages 86-105, January.
    5. Bakuli, David L. & MacGregor Smith, J., 1996. "Resource allocation in state-dependent emergency evacuation networks," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 89(3), pages 543-555, March.
    6. J MacGregor Smith & D Towsley, 1981. "The use of queuing networks in the evaluation of egress from buildings," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 8(2), pages 125-139, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hadas, Yuval & Laor, Amir, 2013. "Network design model with evacuation constraints," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 1-9.
    2. Guo, Ren-Yong, 2014. "New insights into discretization effects in cellular automata models for pedestrian evacuation," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 400(C), pages 1-11.
    3. Abdelghany, Ahmed & Abdelghany, Khaled & Mahmassani, Hani & Alhalabi, Wael, 2014. "Modeling framework for optimal evacuation of large-scale crowded pedestrian facilities," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 237(3), pages 1105-1118.
    4. Guo, Ren-Yong & Huang, Hai-Jun & Wong, S.C., 2011. "Collection, spillback, and dissipation in pedestrian evacuation: A network-based method," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 490-506, March.
    5. Saadatseresht, Mohammad & Mansourian, Ali & Taleai, Mohammad, 2009. "Evacuation planning using multiobjective evolutionary optimization approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 198(1), pages 305-314, October.
    6. Cruz, F.R.B. & van Woensel, T. & MacGregor Smith, J. & Lieckens, K., 2010. "On the system optimum of traffic assignment in M/G/c/c state-dependent queueing networks," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 201(1), pages 183-193, February.


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