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The economic and nutrition transition in Equatorial Guinea coincided with a double burden of over- and under nutrition

  • Custodio, Estefanía
  • Descalzo, Miguel Ángel
  • Roche, Jesús
  • Molina, Laura
  • Sánchez, Ignacio
  • Lwanga, Magdalena
  • Torres, Alberto Manuel
  • Fernández-Zincke, Eduardo
  • Bernis, Cristina
  • Villamor, Eduardo
  • Baylin, Ana
Registered author(s):

    We assess trends in children's nutritional status in Equatorial Guinea, a country in socioeconomic transition. Nationally representative samples were conducted in 1997, at the start of the economic take off, and again in 2004. Children aged 0-60 months were included in the surveys (N = 436, 552). Both surveys included a sociodemographic, dietary and health questionnaire, and anthropometric measurements from which height-for-age (HAZ); weight-for-age (WAZ) and weight-for-height (WHZ) Z-scores were calculated. Between 1997 and 2004, the prevalence of child overweight for all children increased from 21.8% to 31.7%, especially in urban areas (from 18.2% to 29.4%, p = 0.01). Stunting prevalence among children >=2 years old decreased (from 57.9% to 45.3%, pÂ

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B73DX-4XKBYSM-1/2/2cd123dd34e7ea50f76712faf6c228f9
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Economics & Human Biology.

    Volume (Year): 8 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 80-87

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:ehbiol:v:8:y:2010:i:1:p:80-87
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622964

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    1. Ulijaszek, Stanley J., 2003. "Trends in body size, diet and food availability in the Cook Islands in the second half of the 20th century," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 123-137, January.
    2. Anne Case & Alicia Menendez, 2009. "Sex Differences In Obesity Rates In Poor Countries: Evidence From South Africa," Working Papers 1020, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Health and Wellbeing..
    3. Linnemayr, Sebastian & Alderman, Harold & Ka, Abdoulaye, 2008. "Determinants of malnutrition in Senegal: Individual, household, community variables, and their interaction," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 252-263, July.
    4. Jehn, Megan & Brewis, Alexandra, 2009. "Paradoxical malnutrition in mother-child pairs: Untangling the phenomenon of over- and under-nutrition in underdeveloped economies," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 28-35, March.
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