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A consistent characteristic function-based test for conditional independence

  • Su, Liangjun
  • White, Halbert

This paper proposes a nonparametric test of conditional independence based on the notion that two conditional distributions are equal if and only if the corresponding conditional characteristic functions are equal. We use the functional delta method to expand the test statistic around the population truth and establish asymptotic normality under $\beta -$mixing conditions. We show that the test is consistent and has power against local alternatives at distance $n^{-1/2}h_{1}^{-(d_{1}+d_{3})/4}.$ The cases for which not all random variables of interest are\ continuously valued or observable are also treated, and we show that the test is nuisance-parameter free. Simulation results suggest that the test has better finite sample performance than the Hellinger metric test of Su and White (2002) in detecting nonlinear Granger causality in the mean. Applications to exchange rates and to stock prices and trading volumes indicate that our test can reveal some interesting nonlinear causal relations that the traditional linear Granger causality test fails to detect.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Econometrics.

Volume (Year): 141 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 (December)
Pages: 807-834

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Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:141:y:2007:i:2:p:807-834
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jeconom

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  1. Bierens, Herman J., 1982. "Consistent model specification tests," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 105-134, October.
  2. Lobato, Ignacio N, 2003. "Testing for Nonlinear Autoregression," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 21(1), pages 164-73, January.
  3. Bierens, Herman J, 1990. "A Consistent Conditional Moment Test of Functional Form," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(6), pages 1443-58, November.
  4. Stinchcombe, Maxwell B. & White, Halbert, 1998. "Consistent Specification Testing With Nuisance Parameters Present Only Under The Alternative," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(03), pages 295-325, June.
  5. Lavergne, Pascal & Vuong, Quang, 2000. "Nonparametric Significance Testing," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(04), pages 576-601, August.
  6. Li, Qi, 1999. "Consistent model specification tests for time series econometric models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 101-147, September.
  7. Hsieh, David A, 1989. "Testing for Nonlinear Dependence in Daily Foreign Exchange Rates," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 62(3), pages 339-68, July.
  8. Pinkse, Joris, 1998. "A consistent nonparametric test for serial independence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 205-231, June.
  9. Yongmiao Hong & Halbert White, 2005. "Asymptotic Distribution Theory for Nonparametric Entropy Measures of Serial Dependence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(3), pages 837-901, 05.
  10. Sheedy, Elizabeth, 1998. "Correlation in currency markets a risk-adjusted perspective," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 59-82, January.
  11. Granger, C. W. J., 1980. "Testing for causality : A personal viewpoint," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 329-352, May.
  12. Vidar Hjellvik & Qiwei Yao & Dag Tjostheim, 1998. "Linearity testing using local polynominal approximation," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6638, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  13. Lee, Sokbae, 2003. "Efficient Semiparametric Estimation Of A Partially Linear Quantile Regression Model," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 19(01), pages 1-31, February.
  14. Efstathios Paparoditis & Dimitris Politis, 2000. "The Local Bootstrap for Kernel Estimators under General Dependence Conditions," Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 139-159, March.
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