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Management of an annual fishery in the presence of ecological stress: The case of shrimp and hypoxia

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  • Huang, Ling
  • Smith, Martin D.

Abstract

The emergence of ecosystem-based management suggests that traditional fisheries management and protection of environmental quality are increasingly interrelated. Fishery managers, however, have limited control over most sources of marine and estuarine pollution and at best can only adapt to environmental conditions. We develop a bioeconomic model of optimal harvest of an annual species that is subject to an environmental disturbance. We parameterize the model to analyze the effect of hypoxia (low dissolved oxygen) on the optimal harvest path of brown shrimp, a commercially important species that is fished in hypoxic waters in the Gulf of Mexico and in estuaries in the southeastern United States. We find that hypoxia alters the qualitative pattern of optimal harvest and shifts the season opening earlier in the year; more severe hypoxia leads to even earlier season openings. Failure to adapt to hypoxia leads to greater losses when the effects of hypoxia are more severe. However, rent gains from adapting fishery management to hypoxia are relatively small compared to rent losses from the hypoxia effect itself. This suggests that it is critical for other regulatory agencies to control estuarine pollution, and fishery managers need to generate value from the fishery resources through other means such as rationalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Huang, Ling & Smith, Martin D., 2011. "Management of an annual fishery in the presence of ecological stress: The case of shrimp and hypoxia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(4), pages 688-697, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:70:y:2011:i:4:p:688-697
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Smith, Martin D. & Zhang, Junjie & Coleman, Felicia C., 2008. "Econometric modeling of fisheries with complex life histories: Avoiding biological management failures," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 265-280, May.
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    4. Massey, D. Matthew & Newbold, Stephen C. & Gentner, Brad, 2006. "Valuing water quality changes using a bioeconomic model of a coastal recreational fishery," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 482-500, July.
    5. Christophe Béné & Luc Doyen, 2000. "Storage and Viability of a Fishery with Resource and Market Dephased Seasonalities," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 15(1), pages 1-26, January.
    6. Clark, Colin W. & Munro, Gordon R., 1975. "The economics of fishing and modern capital theory: A simplified approach," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 92-106, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mukherjee, Zinnia & Segerson, Kathleen, 2015. "Behavioral Response of Fishers to Hypoxia and the Distributional Impact on Harvest," 2015 AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California 205108, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association;Western Agricultural Economics Association.
    2. Michele Baggio, 2016. "Optimal Fishery Management with Regime Shifts: An Assessment of Harvesting Strategies," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 64(3), pages 465-492, July.
    3. Zinnia Mukherjee & Dipak K. Dey & Rangan Gupta, 2016. "Time series effects of dissolved oxygen and nitrogen on Long Island Sound lobster harvest," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 84(3), pages 1849-1858, December.
    4. Zinnia Mukherjee & Dipak K. Dey & Rangan Gupta, 2016. "A Time Series Analysis of Long Island Sound Lobster Fishery," Working Papers 201627, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    5. Sergey Rabotyagov & Catherine L. Kling & Philip W. Gassman & Nancy N. Rabalais & R. Eugene Turner, 2012. "Economics of Dead Zones: Linking Externalities from the Land to their Consequences in the Sea, The," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 12-wp534, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    6. Richard W. Ryan & Daniel S. Holland & Guillermo E. Herrera, 2014. "Ecosystem Externalities in Fisheries," Marine Resource Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 29(1), pages 39-53.

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