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Modelling the allocative efficiency of landowner taxation

Author

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  • Nassios, J.
  • Giesecke, J.A.
  • Dixon, P.B.
  • Rimmer, M.T.

Abstract

Most Australian state and territory governments levy land tax on unimproved land value. The principal place of residence (PPR) is however exempt. In this article, we study the allocative efficiency impact of this exemption in one Australian state (New South Wales). Our simulation-based analysis utilises a multi-regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, which is calibrated using a discrete choice model of housing tenure choice. Using excess burden and economic damage measures, we illustrate how the PPR exemption is responsible for the majority of the efficiency differences between a broad-based land tax, and NSW state land tax.

Suggested Citation

  • Nassios, J. & Giesecke, J.A. & Dixon, P.B. & Rimmer, M.T., 2019. "Modelling the allocative efficiency of landowner taxation," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 111-123.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:81:y:2019:i:c:p:111-123
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2018.12.007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Philip Adams & Janine Dixon & Mark Horridge, 2015. "The Victoria University Regional Model (VURM): Technical Documentation, Version 1.0," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-254, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
    2. John Freebairn, 2018. "Federalism and Tax Reform," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 51(2), pages 262-268, June.
    3. John Freebairn, 2016. "Taxation of Housing," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 49(3), pages 307-316, September.
    4. Arnold C. Harberger, 1962. "The Incidence of the Corporation Income Tax," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 215-215.
    5. John Freebairn, 2018. "Opportunities and Challenges for CGE Models in Analysing Taxation," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 37(1), pages 17-29, March.
    6. Smith, Adam, 1776. "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations," History of Economic Thought Books, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, number smith1776.
    7. William G. Hardin III & Matthew D. Hill & James J. Hopper, 2009. "Ownership Structure, Property Performance, Multifamily Properties and REITs," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 31(3), pages 285-306.
    8. van der Hoek, M. Peter & Radloff, Sarah. E., 2007. "Taxing owner-occupied housing: comparing the Netherlands to other European Union countries," MPRA Paper 5876, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Ricardo, David, 1821. "On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation," History of Economic Thought Books, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, edition 3, number ricardo1821.
    10. James A. Giesecke & Nhi H. Tran, 2018. "The National and Regional Consequences of Australia's Goods and Services Tax," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 94(306), pages 255-275, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Xin Zhao & Dominique Y van der Mensbrugghe & Roman M. Keeney & Wallace E. Tyner, 2021. "Improving the Way Land Use Change is Handled in Economic Models," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Peter Dixon & Joseph Francois & Dominique van der Mensbrugghe (ed.), POLICY ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF THE GLOBAL ECONOMY A Festschrift Celebrating Thomas Hertel, chapter 15, pages 467-515, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Jason Nassios & John Madden & James Giesecke & Janine Dixon & Nhi Tran & Peter Dixon & Maureen Rimmer & Philip Adams & John Freebairn, 2019. "The economic impact and efficiency of state and federal taxes in Australia," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-289, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
    3. Shulu Che & Ronald Ravinesh Kumar & Peter J. Stauvermann, 2021. "Taxation of Land and Economic Growth," Economies, MDPI, vol. 9(2), pages 1-20, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    CGE modelling; Taxation policy; Land tax; Excess burden;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies

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