Parameter estimation of an asset price model driven by a weak hidden Markov chain
We introduce a weak hidden Markov model (WHMM) in an attempt to capture more accurately the evolution of a risky asset. The log returns of assets are modulated by a weak or higher-order Markov chain with finite-state space. In particular, the optimal estimates of the second-order Markov chain and parameters of the model are given in terms of the discrete-time filters for the state of the Markov chain, the number of jumps, occupation time and auxiliary processes. We provide a detailed implementation of the model to a dataset of financial time series along with the analysis of the h-day ahead forecasts. The results of our error analysis suggest that within the dataset studied and considering longer predictive horizons, WHMM gives a better forecasting performance than the traditional HMM.
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- Turner, C.M. & Startz, R. & Nelson, C.R., 1989.
"The Markov Model Of Heteroskedasticity, Risk And Learning In The Stock Market,"
89-01, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
- Turner, C.M. & Startz, R. & Nelson, C.R., 1989. "The Markov Model Of Heteroskedasticity, Risk And Learning In The Stock Market," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 89-01, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
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- Christina Erlwein & Rogemar Mamon, 2009. "An online estimation scheme for a Hull–White model with HMM-driven parameters," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 18(1), pages 87-107, March.
- Tak-Kuen Siu & Wai-Ki Ching & Eric Fung & Michael Ng, 2005. "Extracting Information from Spot Interest Rates and Credit Ratings using Double Higher-Order Hidden Markov Models," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 26(3), pages 69-102, November.
- Elliott, R. J. & Malcolm, W. P. & Tsoi, Allanus H., 2003. "Robust parameter estimation for asset price models with Markov modulated volatilities," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 1391-1409, June.
- Bollen, Nicolas P. B. & Gray, Stephen F. & Whaley, Robert E., 2000. "Regime switching in foreign exchange rates: Evidence from currency option prices," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 94(1-2), pages 239-276.
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