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Probabilistic wind speed forecasting using Bayesian model averaging with truncated normal components


  • Baran, Sándor


Bayesian model averaging (BMA) is a statistical method for post-processing forecast ensembles of atmospheric variables, obtained from multiple runs of numerical weather prediction models, in order to create calibrated predictive probability density functions (PDFs). The BMA predictive PDF of the future weather quantity is the mixture of the individual PDFs corresponding to the ensemble members and the weights and model parameters are estimated using forecast ensembles and validating observations from a given training period. A BMA model for calibrating wind speed forecasts is introduced using truncated normal distributions as conditional PDFs and the method is applied to the ALADIN-HUNEPS ensemble of the Hungarian Meteorological Service and to the University of Washington Mesoscale Ensemble. Three parameter estimation methods are proposed and each of the corresponding models outperforms the traditional gamma BMA model both in calibration and in accuracy of predictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Baran, Sándor, 2014. "Probabilistic wind speed forecasting using Bayesian model averaging with truncated normal components," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 227-238.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:csdana:v:75:y:2014:i:c:p:227-238
    DOI: 10.1016/j.csda.2014.02.013

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gneiting, Tilmann & Larson, Kristin & Westrick, Kenneth & Genton, Marc G. & Aldrich, Eric, 2006. "Calibrated Probabilistic Forecasting at the Stateline Wind Energy Center: The Regime-Switching SpaceTime Method," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 101, pages 968-979, September.
    2. Lee, Gyemin & Scott, Clayton, 2012. "EM algorithms for multivariate Gaussian mixture models with truncated and censored data," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 56(9), pages 2816-2829.
    3. Sloughter, J. McLean & Gneiting, Tilmann & Raftery, Adrian E., 2010. "Probabilistic Wind Speed Forecasting Using Ensembles and Bayesian Model Averaging," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 105(489), pages 25-35.
    4. Thordis L. Thorarinsdottir & Tilmann Gneiting, 2010. "Probabilistic forecasts of wind speed: ensemble model output statistics by using heteroscedastic censored regression," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 173(2), pages 371-388.
    5. Gneiting, Tilmann & Raftery, Adrian E., 2007. "Strictly Proper Scoring Rules, Prediction, and Estimation," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 102, pages 359-378, March.
    6. Chen, Shu-Chuan (Grace) & Lindsay, Bruce, 2014. "Improving mixture tree construction using better EM algorithms," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 17-25.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:appene:v:215:y:2018:i:c:p:131-144 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Błażejowski, Marcin & Kwiatkowski, Jacek, 2015. "Bayesian Model Averaging and Jointness Measures for gretl," Journal of Statistical Software, Foundation for Open Access Statistics, vol. 68(i05).
    3. Wang, Jianzhou & Hu, Jianming, 2015. "A robust combination approach for short-term wind speed forecasting and analysis – Combination of the ARIMA (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average), ELM (Extreme Learning Machine), SVM (Support Vec," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(P1), pages 41-56.
    4. Hu, Jianming & Wang, Jianzhou, 2015. "Short-term wind speed prediction using empirical wavelet transform and Gaussian process regression," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(P2), pages 1456-1466.
    5. Liu, Hui & Tian, Hongqi & Liang, Xifeng & Li, Yanfei, 2015. "New wind speed forecasting approaches using fast ensemble empirical model decomposition, genetic algorithm, Mind Evolutionary Algorithm and Artificial Neural Networks," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 1066-1075.
    6. repec:bla:jorssc:v:66:y:2017:i:1:p:29-51 is not listed on IDEAS


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