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Potential competition for biomass between biopower and biofuel under RPS and RFS2


  • Rahdar, Mohammad
  • Wang, Lizhi
  • Hu, Guiping


Driven by Renewable Portfolio Standards and Renewable Fuel Standard, biopower generation and biofuel production will increasingly compete for the same biomass resource over the next two decades. We use a linear programming model to study this competition as well as other interactions between the two policies. Our model describes the U.S. renewable energy portfolio by explicitly accounting for all major renewable energy resources, unique resource availability and policy requirements in all 50 states and Washington, DC, and policy deadlines set by all RPS and RFS2 policies within a 2013–2035 modeling horizon. Our modeling results were used to address five important questions regarding interactions between RPS and RFS2 and the impact on U.S. renewable energy portfolio.

Suggested Citation

  • Rahdar, Mohammad & Wang, Lizhi & Hu, Guiping, 2014. "Potential competition for biomass between biopower and biofuel under RPS and RFS2," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 10-20.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:119:y:2014:i:c:p:10-20
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.01.002

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Moncada, J.A. & Junginger, M. & Lukszo, Z. & Faaij, A. & Weijnen, M., 2017. "Exploring path dependence, policy interactions, and actor behavior in the German biodiesel supply chain," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 195(C), pages 370-381.
    2. Winchester, Niven & Ledvina, Kirby, 2017. "The impact of oil prices on bioenergy, emissions and land use," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 219-227.
    3. Amrutha, A.A. & Balachandra, P. & Mathirajan, M., 2017. "Role of targeted policies in mainstreaming renewable energy in a resource constrained electricity system: A case study of Karnataka electricity system in India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 48-58.
    4. Ghasemi, Hadi & Sheu, Elysia & Tizzanini, Alessio & Paci, Marco & Mitsos, Alexander, 2014. "Hybrid solar–geothermal power generation: Optimal retrofitting," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 158-170.
    5. Winchester, Niven & Reilly, John M., 2015. "The feasibility, costs, and environmental implications of large-scale biomass energy," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 188-203.


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