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Achieving better energy-efficient air conditioning – A review of technologies and strategies


  • Chua, K.J.
  • Chou, S.K.
  • Yang, W.M.
  • Yan, J.


Air conditioning is essential for maintaining thermal comfort in indoor environments, particularly for hot and humid climates. Today, air conditioning, comprising cooling and dehumidification, has become a necessity in commercial and residential buildings and industrial processes. It accounts for a major share of the energy consumption of a building or facility. In tropical climates, the energy consumed by heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) can exceed 50% of the total energy consumption of a building. This significant figure is primarily due to the heavy duty placed on cooling technologies to remove both sensible and latent heat loads. Therefore, there is tremendous potential to improve the overall efficiency of the air-conditioning systems in buildings.

Suggested Citation

  • Chua, K.J. & Chou, S.K. & Yang, W.M. & Yan, J., 2013. "Achieving better energy-efficient air conditioning – A review of technologies and strategies," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 87-104.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:104:y:2013:i:c:p:87-104
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.10.037

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    References listed on IDEAS

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