IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eco/journ2/2017-05-27.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Effect of Energy Subsidy on the Environmental Quality in Indonesia

Author

Listed:
  • Hadi Sasana

    (Faculty of Economics and Business, Diponegoro University, Indonesia,)

  • Achma Hendra Setiawan

    (Faculty of Economics and Business, Diponegoro University, Indonesia)

  • Fitri Ariyanti

    (Faculty of Economics and Business, Diponegoro University, Indonesia,)

  • Imam Ghozali

    (Faculty of Economics and Business, Diponegoro University, Indonesia)

Abstract

Energy subsidy has boosted energy consumption and energy consumption has triggered high emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), which might reduce environmental quality. This problem occurs around the world, especially in the developing countries undergoing a period of industrialization, such as Indonesia. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of energy subsidy, energy consumption, and population growth on CO2 emissions in Indonesia. The method used was multiple linear regression analysis with ordinary least square approach using time series data within the period of 1990-2014. The results showed that energy subsidy, fossil energy consumption, and population growth have a positive and significant impact on CO2 emissions in Indonesia. Meanwhile, the consumption of renewable energy has a negative effect on the emissions of CO2 emissions produced.

Suggested Citation

  • Hadi Sasana & Achma Hendra Setiawan & Fitri Ariyanti & Imam Ghozali, 2017. "The Effect of Energy Subsidy on the Environmental Quality in Indonesia," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 7(5), pages 245-249.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ2:2017-05-27
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijeep/article/download/5548/3332
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijeep/article/view/5548/3332
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sovacool, Benjamin K., 2017. "Reviewing, Reforming, and Rethinking Global Energy Subsidies: Towards a Political Economy Research Agenda," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 150-163.
    2. Grafton, R. Quentin & Kompas, Tom & Long, Ngo Van & To, Hang, 2014. "US biofuels subsidies and CO2 emissions: An empirical test for a weak and a strong green paradox," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 550-555.
    3. Mundaca, Gabriela, 2017. "How much can CO2 emissions be reduced if fossil fuel subsidies are removed?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 91-104.
    4. Li, Bin Grace & Gupta, Pranav & Yu, Jiangyan, 2017. "From natural resource boom to sustainable economic growth: Lessons from Mongolia," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 7-25.
    5. Prof Dr.Abdul Ghafoor Awan, 2013. "Relationship between Environment and Sustainable Economic Development: A Theoretical Approach to Environmental Problems," International Journal of Asian Social Science, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 3(3), pages 741-761, March.
    6. Chibueze, E. Nnaji & Jude, O. Chukwu & Nnaji Moses, 2013. "Electricity Supply, Fossil fuel Consumption, Co2 Emissions and Economic Growth: Implications and Policy Options for Sustainable Development in Nigeria," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(3), pages 262-271.
    7. Zoundi, Zakaria, 2017. "CO2 emissions, renewable energy and the Environmental Kuznets Curve, a panel cointegration approach," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 1067-1075.
    8. Usenobong F. Akpan & Godwin E. Akpan, 2012. "The Contribution of Energy Consumption to Climate Change:A Feasible Policy Direction," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 2(1), pages 21-33.
    9. Bilgili, Faik & Koçak, Emrah & Bulut, Ümit, 2016. "The dynamic impact of renewable energy consumption on CO2 emissions: A revisited Environmental Kuznets Curve approach," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 838-845.
    10. Zeng, Yu-Rong & Zeng, Yi & Choi, Beomjin & Wang, Lin, 2017. "Multifactor-influenced energy consumption forecasting using enhanced back-propagation neural network," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 381-396.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Hameed, Shahzad & Wei, Wei & Farrukh, Umer & Mushtaq, Khali, 2019. "Switching to Hydropower renewable energy to mitigate the effects of the carbon emissions in South and East Asian economies," MPRA Paper 90435, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Hadi Sasana & Jaka Aminata, 2019. "Energy Subsidy, Energy Consumption, Economic Growth, and Carbon Dioxide Emission: Indonesian Case Studies," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 9(2), pages 117-122.
    3. Darwanto Darwanto & Purbayu Budi Santosa & Herniwati Retno Handayani & Jaka Aminata & Fitrie Arianti & Imam Gozhali, 2020. "Does Formal Constraints Reduce CO2 Emissions? Indonesia’s Empirical Case," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(1), pages 236-241.
    4. Hadi Sasana & F. Salman & Suharnomo Suharnomo & S. B. M. Nugroho & A. G. Edy Yusuf, 2018. "The Impact of Fossil Energy Subsidies on Social Cost in Indonesia," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 8(2), pages 168-173.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Dong, Kangyin & Hochman, Gal & Zhang, Yaqing & Sun, Renjin & Li, Hui & Liao, Hua, 2018. "CO2 emissions, economic and population growth, and renewable energy: Empirical evidence across regions," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 180-192.
    2. Owen Affor Maku & Promise Oghenevwede Ikpuri, 2020. "A Multivariate Analysis between Renewable Energy, Carbon Emission and Economic Growth: New Evidences from Selected Middle East and North Africa Countries," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(6), pages 440-450.
    3. Khan, Muhammad Tariq Iqbal & Yaseen, Muhammad Rizwan & Ali, Qamar, 2019. "Nexus between financial development, tourism, renewable energy, and greenhouse gas emission in high-income countries: A continent-wise analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 293-310.
    4. Vural, Gulfer, 2020. "How do output, trade, renewable energy and non-renewable energy impact carbon emissions in selected Sub-Saharan African Countries?," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C).
    5. Dong, Kangyin & Sun, Renjin & Hochman, Gal, 2017. "Do natural gas and renewable energy consumption lead to less CO2 emission? Empirical evidence from a panel of BRICS countries," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 141(C), pages 1466-1478.
    6. Mrabet, Zouhair & Alsamara, Mouyad & Mimouni, Karim & Mnasri, Ayman, 2021. "Can human development and political stability improve environmental quality? New evidence from the MENA region," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 28-44.
    7. Azam, Anam & Rafiq, Muhammad & Shafique, Muhammad & Zhang, Haonan & Yuan, Jiahai, 2021. "Analyzing the effect of natural gas, nuclear energy and renewable energy on GDP and carbon emissions: A multi-variate panel data analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 219(C).
    8. Amos, Sanday & Zoundi, Zakaria, 2019. "A Regime Switching Analysis of the Income-Pollution Path with time Varying- Elasticities in a Heterogeneous Panel of Countries," MPRA Paper 99577, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Anh The Vo & Duc Hong Vo & Quan Thai-Thuong Le, 2019. "CO 2 Emissions, Energy Consumption, and Economic Growth: New Evidence in the ASEAN Countries," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-20, September.
    10. Zhiheng Wu & Guisheng Hou & Baogui Xin, 2020. "The Causality between Participation in GVCs, Renewable Energy Consumption and CO 2 Emissions," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-26, February.
    11. Jean Pierre Namahoro & Qiaosheng Wu & Haijun Xiao & Na Zhou, 2021. "The Impact of Renewable Energy, Economic and Population Growth on CO 2 Emissions in the East African Region: Evidence from Common Correlated Effect Means Group and Asymmetric Analysis," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(2), pages 1-21, January.
    12. Suyi Kim, 2020. "The Effects of Foreign Direct Investment, Economic Growth, Industrial Structure, Renewable and Nuclear Energy, and Urbanization on Korean Greenhouse Gas Emissions," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(4), pages 1-14, February.
    13. Shah, Syed Ale Raza & Naqvi, Syed Asif Ali & Riaz, Sabahat & Anwar, Sofia & Abbas, Nasir, 2020. "Nexus of biomass energy, key determinants of economic development and environment: A fresh evidence from Asia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    14. Hao, Xiaoli & Deng, Feng, 2019. "The marginal and double threshold effects of regional innovation on energy consumption structure: Evidence from resource-based regions in China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 144-154.
    15. Ahmad, Ashfaq & Zhao, Yuhuan & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Bano, Sadia & Zhang, Zhonghua & Wang, Song & Liu, Ya, 2016. "Carbon emissions, energy consumption and economic growth: An aggregate and disaggregate analysis of the Indian economy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 131-143.
    16. Bekhet, Hussain Ali & Othman, Nor Salwati, 2018. "The role of renewable energy to validate dynamic interaction between CO2 emissions and GDP toward sustainable development in Malaysia," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 47-61.
    17. Vo, D.H. & Nguyen, H.M. & Vo, A.T. & McAleer, M.J., 2019. "CO2 Emissions, Energy Consumption and Economic Growth," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI2019-11, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
    18. Sandu, Suwin & Yang, Muyi & Shi, Xunpeng & Chi, Yuanying, 2020. "A governance perspective on electricity industry development: The case of Papua New Guinea," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 141(C).
    19. Bilgili, Faik & Mugaloglu, Erhan & Koçak, Emrah, 2018. "The impact of oil prices on CO2 emissions in China: A Wavelet coherence approach," MPRA Paper 90170, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Dong, Kangyin & Sun, Renjin & Li, Hui & Liao, Hua, 2018. "Does natural gas consumption mitigate CO2 emissions: Testing the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis for 14 Asia-Pacific countries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 419-429.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    carbon dioxide emissions; fossil energy consumption; energy subsidy; renewable energy consumption;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eco:journ2:2017-05-27. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ilhan Ozturk). General contact details of provider: http://www.econjournals.com .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.