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Los Lazos Entre La Educacion Y La Competitividad En Asia

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  • MARTÍN ARNAIZ, José Lorenzo

Abstract

El propósito de este artículo es determinar en qué medida el capital humano contribuye a explicar la competitividad de una economía. Para ello, en primer lugar, analizamos la evolución de dichas variables en los países de Asia, para lo cual empleamos una variable “stock” de capital humano (el porcentaje de población mayor de 25 años que ha alcanzado al menos estudios secundarios) y una variable ex–post de competitividad (la cuota de mercado). Posteriormente, realizamos un análisis de correlaciones para determinar el vínculo existente entre el capital humano y la competitividad. The purpose of this work is to determine in what extent the human capital contributes to explain the competitiveness of an economy. For this, firstly, we analyse the evolution of this variables in the Asian countries. For this, we use a stock variable of human capital (the percentage of population aged 25 to 64 which finished secondary education at least) and an ex-post variable of competitiveness (the market share). Subsequently, we carry out a correlation analysis to determine the link between human capital and competitiveness.

Suggested Citation

  • MARTÍN ARNAIZ, José Lorenzo, 2010. "Los Lazos Entre La Educacion Y La Competitividad En Asia," Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(1), pages 39-56.
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:10:y2010:i:10_2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aguayo, Eva & Portillo, Saskia & Exposito, Pilar, 2001. "Crecimiento economico en los paises de la Comunidad Andina: 1987-96," Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(1).
    2. Lall, Sanjaya, 2000. "Desempeño de las exportaciones, modernización tecnológica y estrategias en materia de inversiones extranjeras directas en las economías de reciente industrialización de Asia: con especial referencia a," Desarrollo Productivo 88, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    3. Guisan, M.Carmen & Cancelo, M.Teresa, 2002. "Econometric Models of Foreign Trade in OECD Countries," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 2(2), pages 65-81.
    4. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2001. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 541-563, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    competitividad; capital humano; cuota de mercado; nivel educativo; Asia. Competitiveness; human capital; market share; educational level; Asia.;

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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