IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Innovationspolitischer Mehrwert durch Vernetzung?: Cluster- und Netzwerkförderung als Politikinstrument auf Bundes- und Länderebene

Listed author(s):
  • Michael Rothgang
  • Bernhard Lageman

Innovation policies in both old and new industrial countries increasingly promote regional clusters and distributed networks. Public financing of cluster and networks of business firms, research institutions and other organizations is based on the observation that networking plays an increasing role in technological progress. This paper analyses the German cluster and networks programs which receive funding by the Federal Government or the Federal states. About 300 state-sponsored cluster and network initiatives currently address technological topics. The comparison between new cluster and network initiatives and older innovation networks which developed under the umbrella of the Industrial Collaborative Research program shows some remarkable similarities as well as differences. Evaluation studies for these programs mostly show positive results in respect to the economic output of these programs. But there are limits to the quantitative evaluation of the impacts of these programs. These are due to the emergent character of the targeted developments, the complex impact patterns and the considerable time-lags of state financing. The role of the spatial dimension (promoting regional cluster or more regionally distributed networks) for the efficiency of state promotion is still open to scientific debate. Die Förderung von Clustern und Netzwerken ist zu einem zentralen Instrument der Innovationspolitik der alten wie der neuen Industrieländer geworden. Sie gründet sich auf die Beobachtung, dass technologische Fortschritte in der Wissensgesellschaft zunehmend auf dem Zusammenwirken von Unternehmen und Forschungseinrichtungen beruhen. Der Beitrag untersucht die deutsche, von Bund und Ländern getragene Cluster- und Netzwerkförderung. Etwa 300 staatlich geförderte Cluster- und Netzwerkinitiativen widmen sich derzeit technologischen Fragen. Der Vergleich neuerer Cluster- und Netzwerkinitiativen mit den unter dem Dach der industriellen Gemeinschaftsforschung entstandenen Innovationsnetzwerken fördert bemerkenswerte Gemeinsamkeiten, aber auch Unterschiede zutage. Die vorliegenden Evaluationen stellen den Cluster- und Netzwerkprogrammen zwar überwiegend ein positives Zeugnis aus. Die exakte quantitative Erfassung der Wirkungen solcher Programme stößt aber auf erhebliche methodische Probleme, die insbesondere in dem emergenten Charakter der anzustoßenden Entwicklungen, der Komplexität der Wirkungsmuster und der Langwierigkeit der angestrebten Effekte begründet sind. Forschungsbedarf besteht unter anderem hinsichtlich der räumlichen Dimensionierung der geförderten Netzwerkinitiativen.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 80 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 143-166

in new window

Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:80-3-9
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Mohrenstraße 58, D-10117 Berlin

Phone: xx49-30-89789-0
Fax: xx49-30-89789-200
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Etzkowitz, Henry & Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and "Mode 2" to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 109-123, February.
  2. Rune Dahl Fitjar & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2014. "When local interaction does not suffice: sources of firm innovation in urban Norway," Chapters,in: Regional Development and Proximity Relations, chapter 5, pages 195-222 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  3. Ron Boschma & Ron Martin (ed.), 2010. "The Handbook of Evolutionary Economic Geography," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 12864.
  4. Jappe-Heinze, Arlette & Baier, Elisabeth & Kroll, Henning, 2008. "Clusterpolitik: Kriterien für die Evaluation von regionalen Clusterinitiativen," Working Papers "Firms and Region" R3/2008, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI).
  5. Ron Martin & Peter Sunley, 2003. "Deconstructing clusters: chaotic concept or policy panacea?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 5-35, January.
  6. Oliver Falck & Stephan Heblich & Stefan Kipar, 2008. "The Extension of Clusters: Differences-in-Difference Evidence from the Bavarian State-Wide Cluster Policy," Jena Economic Research Papers 2008-073, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  7. Oliver Falck & Stefan Kipar, 2010. "Die High-Tech-Offensive im Freistaat Bayern," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 63(03), pages 21-26, 02.
  8. Michael Rothgang & Matthias Peistrup & Bernhard Lageman, 2011. "Industrial Collective Research Networks in Germany: Structure, Firm Involvement and Use of Results," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(4), pages 393-414.
  9. Wesley M. Cohen & Richard R. Nelson & John P. Walsh, 2002. "Links and Impacts: The Influence of Public Research on Industrial R&D," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 48(1), pages 1-23, January.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:80-3-9. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bibliothek)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.