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Zur Entwicklung der Einkommensverteilung unter älteren Menschen in Deutschland seit der Wiedervereinigung

Author

Listed:
  • Timm Bönke
  • Carsten Schröder
  • Katharina Schulte

Abstract

We employ data from the German Socio-Economic Panel to examine the income distribution for elderly individuals since German unification. The elderly population, defined as people of age 55 and older, is decomposed by people resident in the Old and New Federal States. Further, we distinguish non-pensioner and pensioner households. While for non-pensioner households retirement income is lower than employment income, it is the opposite for pensioner households. Inequality estimates are decomposed by income components, and the bootstrap method is used to test for statistical significance of results. Unter Verwendung des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels untersuchen wir, wie sich die Einkommensverteilung für Haushaltsgemeinschaften älterer Personen im Alter von 55 Jahren und älter seit der Wiedervereinigung entwickelt hat. Innerhalb dieser Gruppe unterscheiden wir zwischen Haushaltsgemeinschaften mit Wohnsitz in den Neuen und Alten Bundesländern. Ferner unterscheiden wir zwischen Nichtrentner- und Rentner-Haushalten. Nichtrentner-Haushalte unterscheiden sich von den Rentner-Haushalten dadurch, dass in der erstgenannten Gruppe die Arbeitseinkommen die Renteneinkommen übersteigen. Alle von uns ermittelten Verteilungsmaße sind nach Einkommensarten zerlegt, und mit Hilfe der Bootstrap-Methode testen wir auf statistische Signifikanz.

Suggested Citation

  • Timm Bönke & Carsten Schröder & Katharina Schulte, 2011. "Zur Entwicklung der Einkommensverteilung unter älteren Menschen in Deutschland seit der Wiedervereinigung," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(2), pages 81-99.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:80-2-6
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    File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.80.2.81
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Timm Bönke & Carsten Schröder & Katharina Schulte, 2010. "Incomes and Inequality in the Long Run: The Case of German Elderly," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 11, pages 487-510, November.
    2. Mills, Jeffrey A & Zandvakili, Sourushe, 1997. "Statistical Inference via Bootstrapping for Measures of Inequality," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(2), pages 133-150, March-Apr.
    3. George Athanasopoulos & Farshid Vahid, 2003. "Statistical Inference and Changes in Income Inequality in Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 79(247), pages 412-424, December.
    4. Podder, Nripesh & Chatterjee, Srikanta, 2002. "Sharing the national cake in post reform New Zealand: income inequality trends in terms of income sources," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 1-27, October.
    5. Biewen, Martin, 2002. "Bootstrap inference for inequality, mobility and poverty measurement," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 108(2), pages 317-342, June.
    6. Lerman, Robert I & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 1985. "Income Inequality Effects by Income," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(1), pages 151-156, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pensions; retirement; inequality decomposition; bootstrap;

    JEL classification:

    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination

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