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Fiscal Policy and the Implementation of the Walsh Contract for Central Bankers

Author

Listed:
  • Haizhou Huang

    () (International Monetary Fund)

  • A. Jorge Padilla

    () (CEMFI)

Abstract

We develop a simple macroeconomic model where the time inconsistency of optimal monetary policy is due to tax distortions. If fiscal policy is exogenously fixed at its optimal level, a Walsh contract (Walsh, 1995) offered to an independent central bank implements the optimal monetary policy. When fiscal policy is determined endogenously, however, this contract is subject to strategic manipulation by the government, which results in a suboptimal policy mix. Implementing the optimal policy mix requires either that the central bank enjoy primacy over the fiscal authority or that fiscal policy be also delegated to an independent authority.

Suggested Citation

  • Haizhou Huang & A. Jorge Padilla, 2002. "Fiscal Policy and the Implementation of the Walsh Contract for Central Bankers," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 3(1), pages 27-42, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:cuf:journl:y:2002:v:3:i:1:p:27-42
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Canzoneri, Matthew B & Nolan, Charles & Yates, Anthony, 1997. "Mechanisms for Achieving Monetary Stability: Inflation Targeting versus the ERM," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 29(1), pages 46-60, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Huang, Haizhou & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2006. "Monetary policies for developing countries: The role of institutional quality," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 239-252, September.
    2. Haizhou Huang & Shang-Jin Wei, 2003. "Monetary Policies for Developing Countries: The Role of Corruption," NBER Working Papers 10093, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. COMBEY, Adama & NUBUKPO, Kako, 2013. "Coordination des Politiques Economiques au Sein de la Zone UEMOA : Bilan et Perspectives
      [Economic Policy Coordination in the WAEMU: Results and Prospects]
      ," MPRA Paper 58118, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Aug 2014.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Central banking; Optimal contracts; Monetary and fiscal policy; Strategic manipulation; Nash implementation;

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure

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