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El transporte modal de carga fluvial: Un estudio de la reactivación del río Magdalena

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  • Gustavo Alberto Zambrano

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Abstract

Este trabajo examina la demanda modal de transporte de carga en el Río Magdalena, para estudiar los efectos que tendrá el proyecto de rehabilitación de la navegabilidad en él. Utilizando información recogida en una encuesta a 30 empresas importadoras y exportadoras en Bogotá, se construyen modelos elección discreta que estiman las probabilidades de utilizar la vía fluvial, así como las elasticidades ante cambios en tarifas de transporte, tiempos de trayecto, confiabilidad y regularidad. Se encuentra que la tarifa, el tiempo, y la confiabilidad del servicio que ofrezca el transporte por el río afectarían la probabilidad de utilizarlo. El modelo de mejor bondad de ajuste predice probabilidades de utilizar el modo fluvial de entre 10,5% y 24,5%, dependiendo de la eficiencia de las variables mencionadas. Los resultados sugieren la necesidad de adelantar inversiones que permitan que el Rio Magdalena no solo sea competitivo en costos, sino también en tiempos de viaje y puntualidad.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustavo Alberto Zambrano, 2016. "El transporte modal de carga fluvial: Un estudio de la reactivación del río Magdalena," REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR, vol. 10(2), pages 183-217, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000411:015315
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    File URL: http://publicaciones.unitecnologica.edu.co/index.php/economia-y-region/article/view/9
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Transporte de carga; elección modal; río Magdalena;

    JEL classification:

    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • R42 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government and Private Investment Analysis; Road Maintenance; Transportation Planning
    • H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures

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