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¿Quiénes terminan en la informalidad?: Impacto de las características y el tiempo de búsqueda

  • Paola Roldán Vásquez


  • Carlos Ospino Hernández


The purpose of this paper is to analyze informal employment in three metropolitan areas, Barranquilla, Cartagena y Montería using information from the second quarters of the Continuous Household Survey for years 2001 to 2005. Two definitions of informality were used, the official (DANE) and one based on social security (Pensions). Based on these, informal workers from the metropolitan areas are characterized according to their socioeconomic characteristics andthe time it took them to find their current job. We find in general, that age, education, marital status and being head of a household plays a significant role in explaining the lower likelihood of becoming an informal worker, while longer spells of job searching increases this likelihood. As part of policy recommendations to reduce the incidence of informality in the Caribbean region are, to ensure at least the completion of secondary schooling, implementing programs that ensure younger worker´s insertion into the labor market and active labor market policies that reduce job searching spells.El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el empleo informal en las áreas metropolitanas de Barranquilla, Cartagena y Montería utilizando información de la Encuesta Continua de Hogares para los segundos trimestres de los años 2001 a 2005. Se utilizaron dos definiciones de informalidad:la oficial (DANE) y la de Seguridad Social (Pensiones). Con base en ellas se hizo una caracterización de los trabajadores informales de las áreas metropolitanas mencionadas según sus características socioeconómicas y el tiempo de búsqueda de empleo. Encontramos que en general la edad, la educación, el estado conyugal y la jefatura del hogar juegan un rol significativo para explicar la menor probabilidad de ser un trabajador informal, mientras que el tiempo de búsquedade empleo aumenta la probabilidad de pertenecer al sector informal. Entre las recomendaciones se tiene que para reducir la informalidad en la región Caribe es necesario asegurar al menos la culminación de la educación secundaria, diseñar programas que permitan la inserción de los jóvenes al mercado laboral y políticas que reduzcan los tiempos de búsqueda de empleo.

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Volume (Year): (2009)
Issue (Month): (November)

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Handle: RePEc:col:000382:007124
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  1. José Luis Ramos & José L. Moreno C. & Jairo Parada C. & Alexandra García I., 2008. "La mendicidad en el Caribe colombiano el caso de los distritos de Barranquilla, Santa Marta y Cartagena," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL CARIBE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE, November.
  2. José Ignacio Uribe & Carlos Humberto Ortiz & Gustavo Adolfo García, 2008. "Informalidad Y Subempleo En Colombia:," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE 004609, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE.
  3. Carmen Elisa Flórez, 2002. "The Function Of The Urban Informal Sector In Employment," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 006883, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  4. Adriana Kugler, 2004. "The Effect of Job Security Regulations on Labor Market Flexibility: Evidence from the Colombian Labor Market Reform," NBER Working Papers 10215, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Bernal Raquel, 2009. "The Informal Labor Market in Colombia: identification and characterization," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, September.
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