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Elección de ocupaciones que generen empleo usando modelos de elección discreta: Medellín Área Metropolitana 2009

Author

Listed:
  • Sebastián Aparicio

    ()

  • Andrés Ramírez Hassan
  • Diego Fernando Gómez Sánchez

Abstract

El objetivo de este artículo es identificar determinantes que llevan a los individuos a la toma de la decisión de ser empresarios en Medellín Área Metropolitana en 2009. Mediante modelos logit y probit multinomial, y logit binario secuencial, se estima la probabilidad de que una persona tome la decisión ocupacional de ser empresario, independiente formal, empleado o independiente informal, siendo el primer estado aquel que genera mayor efecto en el desarrollo de la región. Los resultados permiten observar que la educación, el uso de tecnologías de información y telecomunicaciones, y el capital financiero son las variables que más con- tribuyen en la probabilidad de ser empresario. Estos resultados sugieren nuevos elementos a la discusión de política pública relacionada con el emprendimiento y fortalecimiento empresarial.

Suggested Citation

  • Sebastián Aparicio & Andrés Ramírez Hassan & Diego Fernando Gómez Sánchez, 2013. "Elección de ocupaciones que generen empleo usando modelos de elección discreta: Medellín Área Metropolitana 2009," ESTUDIOS GERENCIALES, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000129:011439
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    File URL: http://www.icesi.edu.co/revistas/index.php/estudios_gerenciales/article/view/1743
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. C. Mirjam van Praag, 2003. "Business Survival and Success of Young Small Business Owners," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 03-050/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    2. Zoltán J. Ács (ed.), 1996. "Small Firms And Economic Growth," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, volume 0, number 524.
    3. Thomas Leoni & Martin Falk, 2010. "Gender and field of study as determinants of self-employment," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 167-185, February.
    4. Dopfer,Kurt (ed.), 2005. "The Evolutionary Foundations of Economics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521621991, October.
    5. José Leibovich & Mario Nigrinis & Mario Ramos, 2006. "Caracterización del mercado laboral rural en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002107, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    6. Paul Sullivan, 2009. "Estimation of an Occupational Choice Model when Occupations are Misclassified," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 44(2).
    7. Douglass C. North, 2005. "Introduction to Understanding the Process of Economic Change," Introductory Chapters,in: Understanding the Process of Economic Change Princeton University Press.
    8. Millán, José María & Congregado, Emilio & Román, Concepción, 2010. "Determinants of Self-Employment Dynamics and their Implications on Entrepreneurial Policy Effectiveness," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, August.
    9. Natalia González & Juan Carlos Gómez & Jhon James Mora & Blanca Zuluaga, 2004. "Las ganancias de señalizar en el mercado laboral en Cali," ESTUDIOS GERENCIALES, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI, September.
    10. repec:lan:wpaper:539688 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Decisión ocupacional EmprendimientoModelos de elección discreta;

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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