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Wie weiter? Zur Zukunft des Postkeynesianismus

Listed author(s):
  • Engelbert Stockhammer
  • Paul Ramskogler

Der Postkeynesianismus (PK) befindet sich in einer kritischen Phase. Postkeynesianische ÖkonomInnen haben es in einem zunehmend feindlichen Klima an den Universitäten geschafft, sich in Nischen zu etablieren. Gleichzeitig hat aber auch eine interne Differenzierung des Mainstream stattgefunden. Darüber hinaus beginnen sich Nicht- Mainstream-ÖkonomInnen als heterodoxes Lager zu formieren. Bisher hat sich die Debatte über die Zukunft des PK vornehmlich mit der Beziehung zum Mainstream beschäftigt. In diesem Artikel wird hingegen argumentiert, dass diese Frage für die Zukunft des PK sekundär ist. Die dialektische Beziehung zwischen akademischer Hegemonie und ökonomischer (und sozialer) Stabilität ist in dem bisherigen Diskurs vernachlässigt worden. Krisenzeiten schwächen dominante ökonomische Paradigmen, und dies eröffnet heterodoxen Strömungen neue Möglichkeiten. Die kritische Frage dabei ist, ob der PK plausible Erklärungen für aktuelle sozioökonomische Entwicklungen zu bieten hat. Während der PK wertvolle Erkenntnisse in der monetären Makroökonomie und der mittelfristigen Wachstumstheorie geliefert hat, vernachlässigt er angebotsseitige Themen wie die zunehmende Bedeutung von Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien, die Globalisierung der Produktion, die Prekarisierung der Arbeitsbeziehungen, die Polarisierung der Einkommensverteilung und ökologische Fragen. Dies sind aber die Themen, welche die Zukunft des PK entscheiden werden.

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Article provided by Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik in its journal Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft.

Volume (Year): 35 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 329-353

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Handle: RePEc:clr:wugarc:y:2009v:35i:3p:329
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