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Ungleichheit und Wirtschaftswachstum: Warum OECD und IWF falsch liegen

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Listed:
  • Clemens Fuest
  • Florian Neumeier
  • Daniel Stöhlker

Abstract

In zwei kürzlich erschienenen Studien stellen die OECD und der IWF die Behauptung auf, Ungleichheit wirke sich negativ auf das Wirtschaftswachstum aus, und schlussfolgern, umverteilende Politikmaßnahmen hätten keine wachstumshemmende Wirkung. Diese Behauptung ist irreführend. Eine empirische Analyse demonstriert, dass für einkommensstarke Länder ein positiver – und kein negativer – Zusammenhang zwischen Ungleichheit und Wachstum besteht. Diese Relation spiegelt jedoch keinen Kausalzusammenhang wider. Sowohl Wachstum als auch Ungleichheit sollte man als Größen betrachten, die von einer Vielzahl an Faktoren beeinflusst werden. Dazu gehören von der Politik gesetzte oder stark beeinflusste Faktoren wie Humankapitalinvestitionen, Steuergesetze oder die staatliche Regulierung der Wirtschaft.

Suggested Citation

  • Clemens Fuest & Florian Neumeier & Daniel Stöhlker, 2018. "Ungleichheit und Wirtschaftswachstum: Warum OECD und IWF falsch liegen," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 71(10), pages 22-25, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:71:y:2018:i:10:p:22-25
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Judith Niehues & Maximilian Stockhausen & Andreas Peichl & Charlotte Bartels & Mario Bossler & Bernd Fitzenberger & Arnim Seidlitz & Moritz Kuhn & Till Baldenius & Sebastian Kohl & Moritz Schularick &, 2020. "Ungleichheit unter der Lupe – neue politische Antworten auf ein bekanntes Thema," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 73(02), pages 03-26, February.
    2. Till van Treeck & Judith Niehues & Galina Kolev & Piotr Pysz & Peter Hampe & Andreas Peichl & Marc Stöckli & Georg Cremer, 2018. "Wie gerecht ist die Welt? – Soziale Ungleichheit und Wirtschaftswachstum," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 71(15), pages 03-25, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ungleichgewichtiges Wachstum; Wirtschaftswachstum; Konzentrationsmaß; Meinung; OECD-Staaten; Internationaler Währungsfonds;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D50 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - General
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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