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Wirtschaftslage und Regierungsideologie in Europa

Author

Listed:
  • Niklas Potrafke
  • Markus Reischmann
  • Marina Riem
  • Christoph Schinke
  • David Streich

Abstract

Im gegenwärtigen Europawahlkampf vertritt Jean-Claude Juncker die Ansicht, dass europäische Staaten mit konservativen Regierungen bessere wirtschaftliche Daten vorweisen können als Staaten mit sozialistischen Regierungen. Ob Regierungen unterschiedlicher parteipolitischer Zusammensetzung auch unterschiedliche Wirtschaftspolitiken betreiben, wird seit Jahren in der polit-ökonomischen Forschung untersucht. Zwar zeigen die Ergebnisse dieser früheren Studien, dass es in Industrieländern seit Ende des Kalten Krieges kaum Unterschiede zwischen linken und rechten Regierungen in der Wirtschaftspolitik gab und werfen insofern Zweifel an der an der Aussage Junckers auf. Allerdings gibt es für die erst kürzlich vergangenen Jahre keine empirischen Studien, da für diesen Zeitraum noch keine Daten vorlagen. Für unsere hier vorliegende Analyse haben wir neueste Daten wirtschaftspolitischer Kennzahlen inklusive des Jahres 2013 deskriptiv untersucht. Junckers Aussage wird für Schuldenstands- und Finanzierungssaldoquoten im Zeitraum 1995–2013 bestätigt. Für Primärsaldo-, Arbeitslosen- und Jugendarbeitslosenquoten trifft sie nur eingeschränkt zu, für die BIP-Wachstumsraten lässt sie sich nicht bestätigen.

Suggested Citation

  • Niklas Potrafke & Markus Reischmann & Marina Riem & Christoph Schinke & David Streich, 2014. "Wirtschaftslage und Regierungsideologie in Europa," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 67(09), pages 18-25, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:67:y:2014:i:09:p:18-25
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Niklas Potrafke, 2012. "Is German domestic social policy politically controversial?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 153(3), pages 393-418, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Wirtschaftslage; Regierung; Ideologie; Wirtschaftspolitik; Wahlkampf; Eurozone; EU-Staaten;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation

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