IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ces/ifosdt/v66y2013i12p03-15.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Scheitern der Reform des Emissionshandels: Verliert Europa die Vorreiterrolle in der Klimapolitik?

Author

Listed:
  • Hans-Jürgen Nantke
  • Alfred Endres
  • Frederik Schaff
  • Till Requate
  • Susanne Dröge

Abstract

Im April lehnte das Europäische Parlament den Vorschlag der EU-Kommission ab, vorübergehend CO2-Emissionszertifikate vom Markt zu nehmen, um so den Preisverfall für Emissionsrechte zu stoppen und Anreize für die Industrie, in klimafreundliche Technologien zu investieren, zu setzen. Steht die Reform des europäischen Emissionshandels endgültig vor dem Scheitern? Nach Ansicht von Hans- Jürgen Nantke, Umweltbundesamt, ist der Emissionshandel ein sehr effizientes Klimaschutzinstrument. Wie effizient, hänge allerdings vom politischen Willen für ambitionierte Ziele zur Kohlendioxidminderung ab, und daran hapere es derzeit in der EU. In den bisherigen beiden Handelsperioden seien die emissionshandelspflichtigen Unternehmen zu großzügig mit weitestgehend kostenlosen Emissionsberechtigungen ausgestattet worden, so dass von diesem Preissignal kein spürbarer Anreiz für Investitionen in zusätzliche Klimaschutzmaßnahmen ausgehen konnte. Alfred Endres und Frederik Schaff, FernUniversität Hagen, sehen es aus umweltökonomischer Sicht als sinnvoll an, den durch Vergabe von Emissionszertifikaten gesteckten Rahmen der Klima belastenden Emissionen zu verengen. Durch das Backloading wäre aber nur eine Verschiebung des Problems zu erwarten. Die Chancen wären besser, wenn man sich entschlossen hätte, die Emis - sionsrechte unwiderruflich aus dem Markt zu nehmen. Aber dafür fehle den verantwortlichen Politiker(inne)n die Willenskraft. Auch für Till Requate, Universität Kiel, bedeutet das Backloading nur einen kurzatmigen ordnungspolitischen Eingriff, der das Problem des reformbedürftigen unkoordinierten Nebeneinanders europäischer, nationaler und regionaler Energiepolitik nicht löst. Dem Klimaziel helfen würde nur eine langfristige Verringerung der Menge an Emissionszertifikaten. Es wäre vernünftig, das EU ETS mit anderen Emissionshandelssystemen zu verknüpfen. Susanne Dröge, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin, sieht die EU in der Reform-Falle und befürchtet, dass der europäische Emissionshandel seine internationale Vorbildfunktion verliert.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans-Jürgen Nantke & Alfred Endres & Frederik Schaff & Till Requate & Susanne Dröge, 2013. "Scheitern der Reform des Emissionshandels: Verliert Europa die Vorreiterrolle in der Klimapolitik?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(12), pages 03-15, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:66:y:2013:i:12:p:03-15
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.ifo.de/DocDL/ifosd_2013_12_1.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kathy Baylis & Don Fullerton & Daniel H. Karney, 2013. "Leakage, Welfare, and Cost-Effectiveness of Carbon Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 103(3), pages 332-337, May.
    2. Martin Weitzman, 2013. "A Precautionary Tale of Uncertain Tail Fattening," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 55(2), pages 159-173, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Bruno, Ellen & Jessoe, Katrina K., 2018. "Groundwater, Incomplete Regulation, and Climate Change: Micro-level Evidence on the Price Elasticity of Demand for Agricultural Groundwater," 2018 Annual Meeting, August 5-7, Washington, D.C. 274430, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Sturla F. Kvamsdal & Ivan Belik & Arnt Ove Hopland & Yuanhao Li, 2021. "A Machine Learning Analysis of the Recent Environmental and Resource Economics Literature," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 79(1), pages 93-115, May.
    3. Hwang, In Chang & Tol, Richard S.J. & Hofkes, Marjan W., 2016. "Fat-tailed risk about climate change and climate policy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 25-35.
    4. Zhang, Zengkai & Zhang, Zhongxiang, 2017. "Intermediate input linkage and carbon leakage," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 22(6), pages 725-746, December.
    5. Holladay, J. Scott & Mohsin, Mohammed & Pradhan, Shreekar, 2018. "Emissions leakage, environmental policy and trade frictions," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 95-113.
    6. Grischa Perino, 2015. "Climate Campaigns, Cap and Trade, and Carbon Leakage: Why Trying to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint Can Harm the Climate," Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, University of Chicago Press, vol. 2(3), pages 469-495.
    7. Hochman, Gal & Zilberman, David, 2015. "The political economy of OPEC," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 203-216.
    8. van der Ploeg, Frederick, 2016. "Second-best carbon taxation in the global economy: The Green Paradox and carbon leakage revisited," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 85-105.
    9. Max Gillman & Michal Kejak & Michal Pakoš, 2015. "Learning about Rare Disasters: Implications For Consumption and Asset Prices," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 19(3), pages 1053-1104.
    10. Hwang, In Chang, 2014. "Fat-tailed uncertainty and the learning-effect," MPRA Paper 53671, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Jarke, Johannes & Perino, Grischa, 2017. "Do renewable energy policies reduce carbon emissions? On caps and inter-industry leakage," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 102-124.
    12. Bauer, Nico & Bosetti, Valentina & Hamdi-Cherif, Meriem & Kitous, Alban & McCollum, David & Méjean, Aurélie & Rao, Shilpa & Turton, Hal & Paroussos, Leonidas & Ashina, Shuichi & Calvin, Katherine & Wa, 2015. "CO2 emission mitigation and fossil fuel markets: Dynamic and international aspects of climate policies," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 90(PA), pages 243-256.
    13. Jakob, Michael, 2021. "Climate policy and international trade – A critical appraisal of the literature," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 156(C).
    14. Ghaith, Ahmad F. & Epplin, Francis M., 2017. "Consequences of a carbon tax on household electricity use and cost, carbon emissions, and economics of household solar and wind," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 159-168.
    15. Bin Fan & Yun Zhang & Xiuzhen Li & Xiao Miao, 2019. "Trade Openness and Carbon Leakage: Empirical Evidence from China’s Industrial Sector," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(6), pages 1-16, March.
    16. King, Maia & Tarbush, Bassel & Teytelboym, Alexander, 2019. "Targeted carbon tax reforms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 526-547.
    17. Ian Bateman & Hassan Benchekroun & Christian Vossler, 2015. "EAERE Award for the Best Paper Published in Environmental and Resource Economics During 2013," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 60(3), pages 325-326, March.
    18. In Chang Hwang & Richard S.J. Tol & Marjan W. Hofkes, 2013. "Active Learning about Climate Change," Working Paper Series 6513, Department of Economics, University of Sussex Business School.
    19. Edward B. Barbier & Joanne C. Burgess, 2019. "Scarcity and Safe Operating Spaces: The Example of Natural Forests," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 74(3), pages 1077-1099, November.
    20. Eichner, Thomas & Pethig, Rüdiger, 2019. "EU-type carbon regulation and the waterbed effect of green energy promotion," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 656-679.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Emissionshandel; Emissionsrechte; Klima; Energiepolitik; Umweltpolitik; Politisches Ziel; Kohlendioxid; Reform; EU-Staaten;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:66:y:2013:i:12:p:03-15. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/ifooode.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Klaus Wohlrabe (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/ifooode.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.