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Clusterbildung und die Rolle der Politik - wie beurteilen deutsche Unternehmen Firmencluster


  • Kurt A. Hafner


Kurt A. Hafner, Bayerisches Staatsinstitut für Hochschulforschung und Hochschulplanung, München, stellt die Ergebnisse einer im Auftrag der Europäischen Kommission durchgeführten Studie zu Firmenclustern und Innovationstätigkeit deutscher Unternehmen vor. Die Studie zeigt, dass der Informationsaustausch und die Netzwerkbildung zwischen Akteuren aus Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Politik bedeutende Rollen für Firmencluster spielen. Die Verfügbarkeit qualifizierter Arbeitskräfte und die Bereitstellung öffentlicher Infrastruktur sind ebenfalls wichtige Kriterien für Clusterunternehmen. Die Politik spielt darüber hinaus eine besondere Rolle bei der strategischen Ausrichtung des Clusters und seiner Bedeutung über die Grenzen regionaler Zugehörigkeit hinweg.

Suggested Citation

  • Kurt A. Hafner, 2008. "Clusterbildung und die Rolle der Politik - wie beurteilen deutsche Unternehmen Firmencluster," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 61(11), pages 37-40, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:61:y:2008:i:11:p:37-40

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    2. Kurt A. Hafner, 2013. "Agglomeration economies and clustering -- evidence from German and European firms," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(20), pages 2938-2953, July.
    3. Eberts, Randall W. & McMillen, Daniel P., 1999. "Agglomeration economies and urban public infrastructure," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics,in: P. C. Cheshire & E. S. Mills (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 38, pages 1455-1495 Elsevier.
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    Cited by:

    1. Harald Zschiedrich, 2008. "EU-Regionalpolitik im Spagat zwischen Wachstums- und Ausgleichszielen," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 34(4), pages 509-533.
    2. Oliver Emons, 2010. "Innovation and Specialization Dynamics in the Automotive Sector: Comparative Analysis of Cooperation & Application Networks," EIIW Discussion paper disbei186, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.

    More about this item


    Unternehmen; Unternehmenspolitik; Clusteranalyse; Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • D92 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice, Investment, Capacity, and Financing


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