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Tarifliche Mindestlöhne, Allgemeinverbindlichkeit und Entsenderichtlinie in Europa

  • Wolfgang Ochel

In Deutschland hat die Forderung nach Einführung eines allgemeinen gesetzlichen Mindestlohns an Bedeutung gewonnen. In diesem Beitrag werden zum einen die gesellschaftlichen und wirtschaftlichen Veränderungen aufgezeigt, die die Grundlage der Verbreitung dieser Forderung bilden, und zum anderen wird untersucht, warum einige europäische Länder einen gesetzlichen Mindestlohn nicht einführen und an der Tarifautonomie strikt festhalten wollen. Für die Debatte um Mindestlöhne in Deutschland lassen sich aus Sicht dieser Länder einige Erkenntnisse gewinnen. So wird dort die Einführung gesetzlicher Mindestlöhne u.a. wegen der Befürchtung abgelehnt, dass damit gleichzeitig die Tarifbindung abnehmen und die Tarifautonomie geschwächt werden könnten. Außerdem würde durch die Einführung eines allgemeinen gesetzlichen Mindestlohns die Möglichkeit der Anwendung der Entsenderichtlinie beträchtlich erweitert. Und möglicherweise würden niedrigere gesetzliche Mindestlöhne an die Stelle höherer tariflicher Mindestlöhne treten.

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Article provided by Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 61 (2008)
Issue (Month): 04 (02)
Pages: 19-24

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:61:y:2008:i:04:p:19-24
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  1. Skedinger, Per, 2007. "The Design and Effects of Collectively Agreed Minimum Wages: Evidence from Sweden," Working Paper Series 700, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  2. Joachim Ragnitz & Marcel Thum, 2008. "Beschäftigungswirkungen von Mindestlöhnen – eine Erläuterung zu den Berechnungen des ifo Instituts," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 61(01), pages 16-20, 01.
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