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Durch »staatliche Gewinnbeteiligung« zu mehr Beschäftigung

Listed author(s):
  • Ronnie Schöb

Soll die Zahl der Arbeitslosen in Deutschland verringert werden, müssen die Arbeitskosten deutlich gesenkt werden. Doch die historisch gewachsene Einkommensverteilung lässt sich nicht antasten, ohne den sozialen Konsens zwischen Beziehern von Arbeitseinkommen und Beziehern von Kapitaleinkommen in Frage zu stellen. PD Dr. Ronnie Schöb, Universität Magdeburg, stellt in diesem Beitrag ein Modell vor, das die Arbeitskosten vom Einkommen der Arbeitnehmer abkoppelt. Sein Vorschlag zielt auf eine »staatliche Gewinnbeteiligung«, bei der die Arbeitslosenversicherungsbeiträge gesenkt und der Bundesanstalt für Arbeit im Gegenzug Anteilsrechte an den Unternehmen eingeräumt werden. Der Staat übernimmt die damit verbundnen Risiken, und der Teil des Arbeitnehmereinkommens, der nicht an den Arbeitnehmer, sondern an den Staat fließt, wird von den Arbeitskosten abgekoppelt.

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Article provided by ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 54 (2001)
Issue (Month): 21 (October)
Pages: 11-17

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:54:y:2001:i:21:p:11-17
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  1. Weitzman, Martin L, 1985. "The Simple Macroeconomics of Profit Sharing," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(5), pages 937-953, December.
  2. Schob, Ronnie, 2002. "Public Profit Sharing," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(4), pages 523-541.
  3. Weitzman, Martin L, 1983. "Some Macroeconomic Implications of Alternative Compensation Systems," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 93(372), pages 763-783, December.
  4. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1997. "Kapitalbeteiligung und Lohndifferenzierung : ein Vorschlag zur Lösung der Beschäftigungskrise," Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 30(4), pages 822-827.
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