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Pourquoi s'intéresser à la notion d' « evidence-based policy » ?


  • Catherine Laurent
  • Jacques Baudry
  • Marielle Berriet-Solliec
  • Marc Kirsch
  • Daniel Perraud
  • Bruno Tinel
  • Aurélie Trouvé
  • Nicky Allsopp
  • Patrick Bonnafous
  • Françoise Burel
  • Maria José Carneiro
  • Christophe Giraud
  • Pierre Labarthe
  • Frank Matose
  • Agnès Ricroch


From the early 1990s “evidence-based medicine” (EBM) was formalized to promote the most judicious use possible of available knowledge by practitioners, the word “evidence” referring simultaneously to factual evidence, empirical corroboration, and proof. The tenets of EBM spread to other decision-making spheres (poverty-abatement policies, law, education, environment...) resulting in the notion of “evidence-based policy” (EBP). In the French-speaking world, increasing reference to EBP is often dismissed as an insignificant effect of rhetoric or an attempt to depoliticize debate. But an analysis of its origins suggests a more nuanced judgement. It rather shows the will to renew positive approaches to help public decision-making through an arsenal of ad hoc methodologies. In particular, EBP approaches contribute to counterbalance the increasing use of knowledge models based exclusively on opinions or simulations that relieve themselves from empirical validation.

Suggested Citation

  • Catherine Laurent & Jacques Baudry & Marielle Berriet-Solliec & Marc Kirsch & Daniel Perraud & Bruno Tinel & Aurélie Trouvé & Nicky Allsopp & Patrick Bonnafous & Françoise Burel & Maria José Carneiro , 2009. "Pourquoi s'intéresser à la notion d' « evidence-based policy » ?," Revue Tiers-Monde, Armand Colin, vol. 0(4), pages 853-873.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rtmarc:rtm_200_0853

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Raghabendra Chattopadhyay & Esther Duflo, 2004. "Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a Randomized Policy Experiment in India," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(5), pages 1409-1443, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jean Cartier-Bresson, 2013. "Le pouvoir du positivisme et ses limites : microéconométrie et macroéconométrie actuelles du développement," Working Papers hal-00847005, HAL.
    2. Labrousse, Agnès, 2010. "Nouvelle économie du développement et essais cliniques randomisés : une mise en perspective d’un outil de preuve et de gouvernement," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 7.

    More about this item


    evidence-based policy; public policy; development; scientific knowledge; evidence; agriculture; environment;

    JEL classification:

    • N5 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries
    • B29 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Other
    • D8 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights


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