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The Health Care Consequences of Smoking and Its Regulation

  • Moore Michael J.

    (University of Virginia and NBER)

  • Hughes James W.

    (Department of Economics, Bates College)

The literature on the health economics of smoking presents two principal facts: (1) that smoking increases health care costs and (2) that restrictions on smoking lead to reductions in smoking prevalence and intensity. Some researchers have hypothesized that these two facts, in combination, allow the inference that restricting smoking will lower health care costs. For various reasons, however, observed associations between smoking and health care use on the one hand, and regulations and smoking on the other, do not imply a causal effect of the restrictions on health care.This article extends the literature by examining whether cigarette tax increases lead to lower health care costs. Using data from the 1991 and 1993 National Health Interview Surveys, it fi

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Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal Forum for Health Economics & Policy.

Volume (Year): 4 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 1-48

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:fhecpo:v:4:y:2001:n:3
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  1. Farrell, Phillip & Fuchs, Victor R. & Fuchs, Victor R., 1982. "Schooling and health : The cigarette connection," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(3), pages 217-230, December.
  2. Kenkel, D.S., 1988. "Health Behavior, Health Knowledge, And Schooling," Papers 10-88-3, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
  3. Evans, William N. & Ringel, Jeanne S., 1999. "Can higher cigarette taxes improve birth outcomes?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 135-154, April.
  4. Harris, Jeffrey E., 1982. "Increasing the federal excise tax on cigarettes," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(2), pages 117-120, August.
  5. Gary S. Becker & Michael Grossman & Kevin M. Murphy, 1990. "An Empirical Analysis of Cigarette Addiction," NBER Working Papers 3322, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Jeffrey E. Harris, 1994. "A Working Model for Predicting the Consumption and Revenue Impacts of Large Increases in the U.S. Federal Cigarette Excise Tax," NBER Working Papers 4803, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Michael Grossman, 1990. "Health Benefits of Increases in Alcohol and Cigarette Taxes," NBER Working Papers 3082, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Philip J. Cook & George Tauchen, 1982. "The Effect of Liquor Taxes on Heavy Drinking," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 13(2), pages 379-390, Autumn.
  9. Michael J. Moore, 1996. "Death and Tobacco Taxes," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 27(2), pages 415-248, Summer.
  10. Michael J. Moore, 1995. "Death and Tobacco Taxes," NBER Working Papers 5153, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. J.D. Angrist & Guido W. Imbens & D.B. Rubin, 1993. "Identification of Causal Effects Using Instrumental Variables," NBER Technical Working Papers 0136, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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