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The Irrelevance Of Social Capital In Explaining Deprivation: A Case Study Of Turkish Gecekondu Households

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  • ŞEBNEM EROĞLU

Abstract

This paper seeks to understand what difference social capital makes to deprivation and what factors affect its capacity to deliver benefits. The study develops a clear-cut and empirically workable definition of social capital, and uses social exchange theories to distinguish between its reciprocal and power-based forms. The data is drawn from separate interviews with both partners of 17 households randomly sampled from a "gecekondu" settlement, participant observation and respondent diaries. Contrary to the dominant view, the research shows that the volume of social capital makes little difference to deprivation largely due to economic constraints. It also demonstrates the limited nature of its contributions to income generation, consumption and investment. Copyright (c) 2009 by the Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG.

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  • ŞEBNEM EROĞLU, 2010. "The Irrelevance Of Social Capital In Explaining Deprivation: A Case Study Of Turkish Gecekondu Households," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 101(1), pages 37-54, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:tvecsg:v:101:y:2010:i:1:p:37-54
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    1. Stefan Dercon & Pramila Krishnan, 1996. "Income portfolios in rural Ethiopia and Tanzania: Choices and constraints," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(6), pages 850-875.
    2. World Bank, 2003. "Turkey : Poverty and Coping after Crises, Volume 2. Background Papers," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14689, The World Bank.
    3. Cleaver, Frances, 2005. "The inequality of social capital and the reproduction of chronic poverty," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 893-906, June.
    4. Grootaert, Christiaan & Narayan, Deepa, 2001. "Local institutions, poverty, and household welfare in Bolivia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2644, The World Bank.
    5. Christiaan Grootaert & Gi-Taik Oh & Anand Swamy, 2002. "Social Capital, Household Welfare and Poverty in Burkina Faso," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 11(1), pages 4-38, March.
    6. World Bank, 2003. "Turkey : Poverty and Coping After Crises, Volume 1. Main Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14624, The World Bank.
    7. Carter, Michael R. & Maluccio, John A., 2003. "Social Capital and Coping with Economic Shocks: An Analysis of Stunting of South African Children," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 1147-1163, July.
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