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Testing for Cointegration between House Prices and Economic Fundamentals

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  • Jian Zhou

Abstract

Economic theory predicts three possibilities for the cointegration relationship between house prices and economic fundamentals: linear cointegration, nonlinear cointegration and no cointegration. In contrast, the empirical literature has only examined linear cointegration. This article argues that ignoring nonlinear cointegration may lead to misleading conclusions that no cointegration exists between house prices and the fundamentals. To illustrate this point, I test for cointegration for ten U.S. cities and find that only one city shows evidence of linear cointegration. Further analysis using the two-step testing procedure yields evidence of nonlinear cointegration for six other cities. Still, there are three cities left out without evidence of nonlinear cointegration. Further studies are needed to test for other forms of nonlinear cointegration before a conclusion of no cointegration can be reached for the remaining three cities.

Suggested Citation

  • Jian Zhou, 2010. "Testing for Cointegration between House Prices and Economic Fundamentals," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 38(4), pages 599-632, Winter.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reesec:v:38:y:2010:i:4:p:599-632
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1540-6229.2010.00273.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Anundsen, André Kallåk, 2013. "Economic Regime Shifts and the US Subprime Bubble," Memorandum 05/2013, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
    2. Jayaraman, Praveena & Gebremedhin, Tesfa G., 2013. "A Non-Spatial Analysis of the Role of Residential Real Estate Investment in the Economic Development of the Northeast Region of the United States," 2013 Annual Meeting, February 2-5, 2013, Orlando, Florida 143107, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    3. Huang, MeiChi, 2014. "Bubble-like housing boom–bust cycles: Evidence from the predictive power of households’ expectations," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 2-16.
    4. Katrakilidis, Constantinos & Trachanas, Emmanouil, 2012. "What drives housing price dynamics in Greece: New evidence from asymmetric ARDL cointegration," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 1064-1069.
    5. Huseyin Karamelikli, 2016. "Linear and nonlinear dynamics of housing price in Turkey," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 46.
    6. MeiChi Huang & LinYing Yeh, 2015. "Should the Fed take extra action for the recent housing bubble? Evidence from asymmetric transitory shocks," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 39(4), pages 762-781, October.
    7. Signe Rosenberg, 2015. "The Impact of a Change in Real Estate Value on Private Consumption in Estonia," Research in Economics and Business: Central and Eastern Europe, Tallinn School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology, vol. 7(2).
    8. Nazif Durmaz, 2011. "Housing Prices and Fundamentals: The Role of a Supply Shifter," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(3), pages 2468-2479.
    9. Jayaraman, Praveena & Lacombe, Donald J. & Gebremedhin, Tesfa, 2013. "A Spatial Analysis of the Role of Residential Real Estate Investment in the Economic Development of the Northeast Region of the United States," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 150953, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    10. Li, Yuming, 2015. "The asymmetric house price dynamics: Evidence from the California market," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1-12.
    11. André K. Anundsen, 2015. "Econometric Regime Shifts and the US Subprime Bubble," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(1), pages 145-169, January.
    12. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Zeng, Jhih-Hong, 2011. "Revisiting the relationship between spot and futures oil prices: Evidence from quantile cointegrating regression," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 924-935, September.
    13. Yang Hu & Les Oxley, 2016. "Bubbles in US Regional House Prices: Evidence from House Price/Income Ratios at the State Level," Working Papers in Economics 16/06, University of Waikato.
    14. Huang, MeiChi & Chiang, Hsiu-Hsuan, 2017. "An early alarm system for housing bubbles," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 34-49.
    15. Qingyu, Zhu, 2010. "Regional unemployment and house price determination," MPRA Paper 41785, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Robert I. Webb & Jian Yang & Jin Zhang, 2016. "Price Jump Risk in the US Housing Market," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 29-49, July.

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