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Equilibrium Exchange Rates in New EU Members: External Imbalances versus Real Convergence


  • Enrique Alberola
  • Daniel Navia


In new EU members, the accumulation of net foreign liabilities has gone hand-in-hand with real exchange rate appreciations, contrary to intuition. This may be due to the induced effect that capital inflows on productivity and competitiveness (Balassa-Samuelson effect). An extended empirical model comprising relative productivity and net foreign assets is well-suited to capture this indirect, opposite effect of liabilities accumulation on the equilibrium exchange rates for the three largest economies: Poland, Hungary and Czech Republic. The model makes it possible to estimate equilibrium exchange rates and misalignments. Going forward, sustaining high productivity growth will be essential to ensure a smooth transition towards euro membership. Copyright © 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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  • Enrique Alberola & Daniel Navia, 2008. "Equilibrium Exchange Rates in New EU Members: External Imbalances versus Real Convergence," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(3), pages 605-619, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:rdevec:v:12:y:2008:i:3:p:605-619

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    Cited by:

    1. Przystupa, Jan, 2009. "Approaching a problem of the long-run real equilibrium exchange rate of Polish zloty while entering the ERM-2 and Euro zone," MPRA Paper 19549, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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