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A model of economic geography with demand-pull and congestion costs

  • Olga Alonso-Villar

This article proposes a simple model of economic geography by which to derive analytical results when jointly considering two centrifugal forces - congestion costs together with the pull demand effect - within the Dixit-Stiglitz-Iceberg framework. In this vein, we develop a unified model with labour mobility that combines some of the features of Tabuchi (1998) with those of Forslid and Ottaviano (2003). We analytically show that when considering the effects of congestion costs, the dispersion of economic activity is possible not only at high, but also at low transport costs. This result corroborates previous numerical simulations conducted by Tabuchi (1998). Copyright (c) 2008 the author(s). Journal compilation (c) 2008 RSAI.

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File URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1435-5957.2007.00160.x
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Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Papers in Regional Science.

Volume (Year): 87 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (06)
Pages: 261-276

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Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:87:y:2008:i:2:p:261-276
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=1056-8190

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  1. Picard, Pierre M. & Zeng, Dao-Zhi, 2005. "Agricultural sector and industrial agglomeration," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 75-106, June.
  2. Murata, Yasusada & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 2005. "A simple model of economic geography a la Helpman-Tabuchi," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 137-155, July.
  3. Anthony J. Venables, 1993. "Equilibrium Locations of Vertically Linked Industries," CEP Discussion Papers dp0137, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Gianmarco Ottaviano & Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques-Francois Tissse, 1999. "Agglomeration and Trade Revisited," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-65, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  5. Edward L. Glaeser & Janet E. Kohlhase, 2003. "Cities, Regions and the Decline of Transport Costs," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 2014, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  6. Puga, Diego, 1997. "The Rise and Fall of Regional Inequalities," CEPR Discussion Papers 1575, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Forslid, Rikard & Haaland, Jan I. & Midelfart Knarvik, Karen Helene, 2002. "A U-shaped Europe?: A simulation study of industrial location," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 273-297, August.
  8. Olga Alonso-Villar, 2001. "Metropolitan areas and public infrastructure," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 25(1), pages 139-169, January.
  9. Rikard Forslid & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2003. "An analytically solvable core-periphery model," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(3), pages 229-240, July.
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